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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2014 ) > List of Articles


In vitro Evaluation of Topical Fluoride ph and their Effect on Surface Hardness of Composite Resin-based Restorative Materials

Samir Mansuri, Abdul Mujeeb, Seema Abid Hussain, Kausar Ramaswamy

Citation Information : Mansuri S, Mujeeb A, Hussain SA, Ramaswamy K. In vitro Evaluation of Topical Fluoride ph and their Effect on Surface Hardness of Composite Resin-based Restorative Materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (2):190-194.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1513

Published Online: 01-10-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).



The aim of the study was to correlate the pH and fluoride ion uptake with surface hardness of composite resin based restorative materials after topical fluoride application.


Forty disks of each of test materials Composite (Filtek Z350XT, 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA), Resin modified glass ionomer (Vitremer) and Compomer (Dyract AP) were made and ten disks of each material were placed in different test solutions – 1.23% APF gel, Sodium fluoride mouth rinse, 0.9% neutral fluoride and distilled water (Control group). After 36 hours of immersion, specimens were subjected to microhardness testing machine for evaluation of surface hardness.


The greater hardness deterioration for all materials resulted with 1.23% APF gel when compared to the control group. Composite (Filtek Z350XT, 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA) showed 17.13 VHN (control group 59.11 VHN). Vitremer showed 9.71 VHN (control group 37.71 VHN). Compomer showed 19.22 VHN (control group 36.78 VHN).


1.23% ApF gel significantly decreased hardness of composite, Vitremer and Compomer. Hardness deterioration associated with sodium fluoride mouth rinse and 0.9% neutral fluoride was less compared to 1.23% ApF gel.

How to cite this article

Mujeeb A, Mansuri S. Hussain SA, Ramaswamy K. In vitro Evaluation of Topical Fluoride pH and their Effect on Surface Hardness of Composite Resin-based Restorative Materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(2): 190-194.

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