The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Employment of Reservoirs in At-Home Whitening Trays: Efficacy and Efficiency in Tooth Whitening

Fang Qian, Serena Geisinger, So Ran Kwon

Citation Information : Qian F, Geisinger S, Kwon SR. Employment of Reservoirs in At-Home Whitening Trays: Efficacy and Efficiency in Tooth Whitening. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015; 16 (5):383-388.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1694

Published Online: 00-05-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to determine the efficacy of trays made with and without reservoirs, in conjunction with time and cost evaluations, by measuring color change with home whitening procedures.

Materials and methods

Extracted human maxillary teeth (central incisors n = 20; canines n = 20; molars n = 20) and 60 artificial teeth (lateral n = 20; premolar n = 40) were mounted into ten typodonts. Tray fabrication was completed such that a blockout resin reservoir was placed on half of the buccal surface of the tray, while the other half remained without a reservoir. Whitening with custom fabricated trays was performed based on two different whitening regimens, where each regimen was assigned to five typodonts: Night-time: Opalescence PF 10% carbamide peroxide for 8 hours daily and Day-time: Philips DayWhite 9.5% hydrogen peroxide for 30 minutes, twice daily. Both systems were applied for 1 week. To evaluate tooth shade, the VITA Easyshade® Advance 4.0 spectrophotometer was used. Color measurements were obtained at baseline (T1), 1-day post-whitening (T2), and 1 month post-whitening (T3). One-way ANOVA, followed by post-hoc Tukey's HSD test, was used to detect significant difference in the overall color change (ΔE*) among the four groups at T2 and T3. Additionally, paired-sample t-test was used to assess difference in ΔE* between T2 and T3 treatment within each of four techniques of tray fabrication.

Results

No significant difference in ΔE* was found among the four groups at T2 and T3 (p > 0.05 in each instance). There were significant differences in mean ΔE* between T2 and T3 treatment for the day white treatment groups without reservoir (6.96 vs 10.19 respectively; p = 0.0026) and with reservoirs (6.23 vs 9.79 respectively; p = 0.0031).

Conclusion

The use of reservoirs does not have a significant effect on whitening efficacy, regardless of type of whitening material and regimen.

Clinical significance

The use of custom fabricated trays with or without reservoirs were equally effective in whitening teeth.

How to cite this article

Geisinger S, Kwon SR, Qian F. Employment of Reservoirs in At-Home Whitening Trays: Efficacy and Efficiency in Tooth Whitening. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(5):383-388.


PDF Share
  1. Nightguard vital bleaching. Quint Int 1989;20(3):173-176.
  2. Tooth Whitening/Bleaching: Treatment Considerations for Dentists and their Patients. Chicago: ADA.
  3. Georges AJ, Caplan DJ, Haywood VB. Safety and stability of nightguard vital bleaching: 9-12 years post-treatment. J Esthet Restor Dent 2002;14(5):275-285.
  4. Nightguard vital bleaching: a long-term study on efficacy, shade retention, side effects, and patients’ perceptions. J Esthet Restor Dent 2001;13(6):357-369.
  5. Efficacy of home bleaching systems with and without tray reservoirs. Pract Perio Aesthet Dent 2000;12(6):611-614.
  6. In vivo degradation of bleaching gel used in whitening. J Am Dent Assoc 1999;130(2):227-235.
  7. Efficacy of foam liner in 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching technique. Quintessence Int 1993;24(9):663-666.
  8. Clinical efficiency of home whitening with/without reservoirs. J Dent Res 2011;85(Spec Iss B): #174.
  9. The efficacy of reservoirs in bleaching trays. Oper Dent 2000;25(3):149-151.
  10. A clinical evaluation of a bleaching agent used with and without reservoirs. Op Dent 2002;27(1):5-11.
  11. Clinical evaluation of a tray fabrication design and effects on vital tooth bleaching Hilltop Research, Inc Project 2000; No. 98100673, August 7.
  12. Tooth bleaching and pit and fissure stain. Am J Dent 2008;21(2):71-73.
  13. In vitro study of varying reservoir depths efficacy in tooth whitening. J Dent Res 2011;90(Spec Iss A):#639.
  14. Effect of reservoirs on gingival inflammation after home dental bleaching. Quintessence Int 2009;40(3):195-200.
  15. Colorimetrytechnical report. CIE pub. Bureau Central De La CIE 1986.
  16. Higher-order needs drive new growth in mature consumer markets. J Bus Strategy 2004;25(5):26-34.
  17. Efficacy of do-it-yourself whitening as compared to conventional tooth whitening modalities: an in vitro study. Oper Dent 2015;40(1):e21-27.
  18. News form Procter and Gamble (P and G) introducing Crest Whitestrips, their new over-the-counter whitening product. J N J Dent Assoc 2000;71(4):7-10.
  19. Safety and efficacy of a high-adhesion whitening strip under extended wear regimen J Dent 2013;41s(8):e46-52.
  20. Dynamic model of hydrogen peroxide diffusion kinetics into the pulp cavity. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13(4):440-445.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.