The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of Different Dentifrices on the Surface Roughness of Acrylic Resins: An in vitro Study

Nitin Gautam, Aditi Sharma, Unjum Bashir, Sisir Rapolu, Nallamilli Mamatha, Siripurapu Sravani

Citation Information : Gautam N, Sharma A, Bashir U, Rapolu S, Mamatha N, Sravani S. Effect of Different Dentifrices on the Surface Roughness of Acrylic Resins: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (8):679-682.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2106

Published Online: 00-08-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

This study was undertaken to study the effect of three most commonly used dentifrices for denture cleaning and to find out any positive association between number of strokes by toothbrush and surface roughness of acrylic resin.

Materials and methods

About 40 acrylic rectangular blocks with high finish were polished until surface roughness was calculated as 0 µm. The materials tested were distilled water as a control group, Patanjali Dant Kanti, Colgate Total Cream, and Cleansodent as dentifrices. Stroking was done with dentifrices, and surface roughness readings were recorded at 1,000, 9,000, and 18,000 strokes.

Results

Patanjali Dant Kanti was found to have maximum abrasive potential followed by Colgate Total Cream, followed by Cleansodent and least by distilled water.

Conclusion

Surface roughness was found to be directly proportional to the type, size, and fineness of the abrasive component used; the professional denture cleanser (Cleansodent) has less abrasive potential than the regular toothpastes. Among those tested, the highest abrasive potential was found in Patanjali Dant Kanti and lowest by Cleansodent (denture cleanser).

Clinical significance

The patient as well as dentist should choose the dentifrice with utmost care noting the size and type of abrasives used. Washing the dentures normally with water without toothbrush daily and cleaning of dentures once in 10 to 15 days with a soft toothbrush and professional denture cleanser should be the line of maintenance of dentures.

How to cite this article

Gautam N, Sharma A, Bashir U, Rapolu S, Mamatha N, Sravani S. Effect of Different Dentifrices on the Surface Roughness of Acrylic Resins: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(8):679-682.


PDF Share
  1. The abrasion of acrylic resin by cleaning pastes. J Oral Rehabil 1983 Mar;10(2):159-175.
  2. Retention of Candida albicans on acrylic resin and silicone of different surface topography. J Prosthet Dent 1997 May;77(5):535-539.
  3. Effect of denture cleansers on physical properties of heat-polymerized acrylic resin. J Prosthodont Res 2010 Apr;54(2):78-83.
  4. A microbiological evaluation of the use of denture cleansers in combination with an oral rise in complete denture patients. Indian J Dent Res 2010 Jul-Sep;21(3):353-356.
  5. Disinfection of denture base acrylic resin. J Prosthet Dent 1999 Feb;81(2):202-206.
  6. Comparison of temperature rise in pulp chamber during polymerization of materials used for direct fabrication of provisional restorations: an in-vitro study. Eur J Dent 2015 Apr-Jun;9(2):194-200.
  7. Clinical and microbiological efficacy of three different treatment methods in the management of denture stomatitis. Gerodontology 2011 Jun;28(2):104-110.
  8. Candida biofilms and oral candidiasis: treatment and prevention. Periodontol 2000 2011 Feb;55(1):250-265.
  9. Antifungal effect: comparison of commercial denture cleansers and microwave energy diseases. Al Rafidain Dent J 2009;9(1):24-31.
  10. Effects of chemical disinfectants on the surface characteristics and color of denture resins. J Prosthet Dent 1997 Feb;77(2):197-204.
  11. Influence of denture cleansers on the color stability of three types of denture base acrylic resin. J Prosthet Dent 2009 Mar;101(3):205-213.
  12. The function of enzymes in removing Candida accumulated on denture plaque. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci 1991;4(1):87-89.
  13. Changes in surface roughness and colour stability of soft denture lining materials caused by denture cleansers. J Oral Rehabil 2003 Feb;30(2):125-130.
  14. Effect of three methods for cleansing dentures on biofilms formed in vitro on acrylic resin. J Prosthodont 2009 Jul;18(5):427-431.
  15. An evaluation of the surface changes in PMMA biomaterial formulations as a result of toothbrush/dentifrice abrasion. Dent Mater 2004 Feb;20(2):124-132.
  16. Weight loss of five commercially available denture teeth after tooth brushing with three different dentifrices. J Appl Oral Sci 2006 Jul/Aug;14(4):242-246.
  17. An evaluation of polishing techniques on surface roughness of acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent 1986 Jul;56(1):107-112.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.