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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Assessment of Ions released from Three Types of Orthodontic Brackets immersed in Different Mouthwashes: An in vitro Study

Mohammed Nahidh, Noor MH Garma, Esraa S Jasim

Citation Information : Nahidh M, MH Garma N, S Jasim E. Assessment of Ions released from Three Types of Orthodontic Brackets immersed in Different Mouthwashes: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (1):73-80.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2214

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2018


Abstract

Aim: Herbs are used widely in medicine. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ion release from gold-plated orthodontic bracket compared with other stainless steel brackets, and based on the findings of the study, the orthodontists can choose the most biocompatible brackets and mouthwashes useful in the clinical practice. Materials and methods: A total of 150 orthodontic brackets from Orthotechnology™ Company, USA (50 stainless steel one-piece brackets, 50 stainless steel two-piece brackets, and 50 gold brackets) were immersed in four mouthwashes in addition to distilled water. Ten of each type of brackets in every media were immersed under 37°C for 45 days. Ions released in these mouthwashes were measured, and comparisons among different bracket types and among various mouthwashes were done by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and then with Games–Howell tests. Results: Increased amounts of ions released in herbal mouthwashes were recorded in gold and two-piece brackets in comparison with one-piece stainless steel brackets. Conclusion: Herbal mouthwashes must be used with caution as they showed an increased amount of ions released in comparison with chlorhexidine. One-piece stainless steel bracket system is the most compatible bracket type, as they released the least amount of ions. Clinical significance: One-piece stainless steel brackets are better than two-piece brackets in terms of ions released.


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