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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Clinicomicrobiological Evaluation of 2% Chitosan Mouthwashes on Dental Plaque

Sheetal P Mhaske, Divya Iska, Rajesh Ambiti, Umang Jagga, Uttam Paul, Shruthi M Shanmukappa

Citation Information : Mhaske SP, Iska D, Ambiti R, Jagga U, Paul U, M Shanmukappa S. Clinicomicrobiological Evaluation of 2% Chitosan Mouthwashes on Dental Plaque. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (1):94-97.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2218

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2018


Abstract

Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate microbiological and clinical effects of a chitosan chlorhexidine (CH) mouthrinse on plaque control. Materials and methods: Subjects were divided into three groups. Group I included 15 subjects who used 0.2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), group II included 15 subjects who used 2% chitosan (CH) solution, and group III involves 15 subjects who used 0.2% chlorhexidine/2% CH combination. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and probing depth (PD) were recorded at the baseline, on day 0, and after 4 days. Supragingival plaque samples were subjected for microbiological evaluation. Statistical analysis was done using statistical software IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 21. Results: Plaque index was lowest in group I at day 0, while it was highest in group III. At day 4, PI was highest in group II, while lowest in group III. Gingival index was lowest in group I and highest in group II at day 0, and lowest in group I and highest in group III at day 4. There was no statistical difference in Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) count between groups at any time interval. Conclusion: Both chitosan and CH were found to be effective in controlling plaque. However, a combination of both provides even better results. Clinical significance: The present study showed that chitosan can be used as an antiplaque agent.


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