The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Prevalence and Reasons for Extraction of Endodontically Treated Teeth in Adult Nigerians

Christopher I Udoye, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Atsufumi Manabe, Mikihiro Kobayashi

Keywords : Endodontics, Retrospective study, Tooth extraction

Citation Information : Udoye CI, Kinoshita J, Jafarzadeh H, Manabe A, Kobayashi M. Prevalence and Reasons for Extraction of Endodontically Treated Teeth in Adult Nigerians. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (12):1470-1474.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2451

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: Teeth extraction is an important problem in elder patients. Although some of these teeth have been endodontically treated, many of them may be subjected to extraction. The reasons for extraction are important for prevention planning in further patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and important reasons for extraction of endodontically treated teeth in adult Nigerians. Materials and methods: This study involved a retrospective examination of 2,000 case files in the archives of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital. Out of the 2,000 case files, 650 concerned endodontically treated teeth. Results: The prevalence of extractions in the population was 21.5%. This was more often in the mandible (67.9%) than in the maxilla (32.1%). In both jaws, more molars were extracted (57.1%), followed by premolars (27.1%) and anterior teeth (15.7%). Extractions occurred 57.1% of times in females. However, the rate of extraction decreased with age but peaked in the 51-60 year age band. Conclusion: The association between age and extraction was proven. Caries, vertical root fracture and endodontic reasons accounted for the commonest cause of extraction in the mandible; while in the maxilla, endodontic reasons and cusp fracture caused extractions most often. Clinical significance: The reasons for extraction of endodontically treated teeth are different between maxilla and mandible.


PDF Share
  1. Da'ameh, D. Reasons for permanent tooth extraction in the North of Afghanistan. J Dent 2006;34:48-51.
  2. Qualtrough, AJ, Mannocci F. Endodontics and the older patient. Dent Update 2011;38:559-562, 564-566.
  3. Friedman S, Mor C. The success of endodontic therapyhealing and functionality. J Calif Dent Assoc 2004;32:493-503.
  4. Lazarski MP, Walker WA 3rd, Flores CM, Schindler WG, Hargreaves KM. Epidemiological evaluation of the outcomes of nonsurgical root canal treatment in a large cohort of insured dental patients. J Endod 2001;27:791-796.
  5. Hargreaves KM, Cohen S. Cohen's pathways of the Pulp. 10th edn. P74. St Louis, Mosby,1994.
  6. Zadik Y, Sandler V, Bechor R, Salehrabi R. Analysis of factors related to extraction of endodontically treated teeth. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2008;106:e31-35.
  7. Chen SC, Chueh LH, Hsiao CK, Wu HP, Chiang CP. First untoward events and reasons for tooth extraction after nonsurgical endodontic treatment in Taiwan. J Endod 2008;34:671-674.
  8. Tzimpoulas NE, Alisafis MG, Tzanetakis GN, Kontakiotis EG. A prospective study of the extraction and retention incidence of endodontically treated teeth with uncertain prognosis after endodontic referral. J Endod 2012;38:1326-1329.
  9. Fuss Z, Lustig J, Tamse A. Prevalence of vertical root fractures in extracted endodontically treated teeth. Int Endod J 1999;32:283-286.
  10. Vire DE. Failure of endodontically treated teeth: classification and evaluation. J Endod 1991;17:338-342.
  11. Dikbas I, Tanalp J, Tomruk CO, Koksal T. Evaluation of reasons for extraction of crowned teeth: a prospective study at a university clinic. Acta Odontol Scand 2013;71:848-856.
  12. Tirosh A, Shai I, Tekes-Manova D, et al. Normal fasting plasma glucose levels and type 2 diabetes in young men. New England J Med 2005;353:1454-1462.
  13. Salehrabi R, Rotstein I. Endodontic treatment outcomes in a large patient population in the USA: an epidemiological study. J Endod 2004;30:846-850.
  14. Aquilino SA, Caplan DJ. Relationship between crown placement and the survival of endodontically treated teeth. J Prosth Dent 2002;87:256-263.
  15. Kojima K, Inamoto K, Nagamatsu K, et al. Success rate of endodontic treatment of teeth with vital and nonvital pulps. A meta-analysis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2004;97:95-99.
  16. Ray HA, Trope M. Periapical status of endodontically treated teeth in relation to the technical quality of the root filling and the coronal restoration. Int Endod J 1995;28:12-18.
  17. Mindiola MJ, Mickel AK, Sami C, Jones JJ, Lalumandier JA, Nelson SS. Endodontic treatment in an American Indian population: a 10-year retrospective study. J Endod 2006;32:828-832.
  18. Reeh ES, Messer HH, Douglas WH. Reduction in tooth stiffness as a result of endodontic and restorative procedures. J Endod 1989;15:512-516.
  19. Sorensen JA, Martinoff JT. Intracoronal reinforcement and coronal coverage: a study of endodontically treated teeth. J Prosth Dent 1984;51:780-784.
  20. Randow K Glantz PO. On cantilever loading of vital and non-vital teeth. An experimental clinical study. Acta Odont Scand 1986;44:271-277.
  21. Sritharan A. Discuss that the coronal seal is more important than the apical seal for endodontic success. Aust Endod J 2002;28:112-115.
  22. Naseri M, Ahangari Z, Shahbazi Moghadam M, Mohammadian M. Coronal sealing ability of three temporary filling materials. Iran Endod J 2012;7:20-24.
  23. Yoshino K, Ito K, Kuroda M, Sugihara N. Prevalence of vertical root fracture as the reason for tooth extraction in dental clinics. Clin Oral Investig 2015;19:1405-1409.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.