Effect of Surface Treatments and Adhesive Materials on the Shear Bond Strength of Artificial Denture Teeth to Denture Base Resins
Abdulelah M BinMahfooz, Osama A Qutub
Artificial tooth, Bonding, Denture base resin, Shear strength and surface treatment.
Citation Information :
BinMahfooz AM, Qutub OA. Effect of Surface Treatments and Adhesive Materials on the Shear Bond Strength of Artificial Denture Teeth to Denture Base Resins. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (6):631-636.
Aim: The purpose of the current study was intended to evaluate the effect of different surface modifications and different adhesive materials on the shear bond strength of artificial teeth to heat-polymerized and thermoplastic denture base materials using different repair techniques.
Materials and methods: Forty cross-linked artificial teeth used to construct different types of acrylic based denture prosthesis were selected to be bonded to two types of denture base materials, heat-polymerized acrylic resin denture base material, and thermoplastic acrylic resin denture base material. The specimens were divided into four subgroups according to the repair technique and adhesive material used. The base surfaces of all acrylic teeth then were moistened with monomer prior to bonding to the denture base specimens. Then, the specimens were tested using Universal Testing Machine for shear bond strength. The results were analyzed by using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical analysis and multiple comparison tests, α≤0.05.
Results: The effect of the types of denture base materials vs the surface conditioning methods displayed a statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: This study concluded that monomer surface treatment of the bonded surface of artificial denture teeth and the use of cyanoacrylate adhesive followed by additional microwave polymerization displayed better shear bond strength when compared with other repair techniques.
Clinical significance: Artificial teeth debonding from their denture bases is a common complication in dental practice. The current study evaluates different repairing techniques. Within the limitation of this study, the use of cyanoacrylate adhesive in combination with microwave polymerization is one of the best techniques of repairing denture teeth debonding.
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