Mumbai, Prevalence, School children, Traumatic injuries
Citation Information :
Dighe K, Kakade A, Takate V, Makane S, Padawe D, Pathak R. Prevalence of Traumatic Injuries to Anterior Teeth in 9–14 Year School-going Children in Mumbai, India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (5):622-630.
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and causes of traumatic dental injury (TDI) in 9–14 year school-going children in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 2,055 primary and secondary school-going children aged between 9 and 14 years, from 20 municipal corporation schools of Mumbai city, was selected through a stratified random sampling technique. Children were examined clinically for any signs of TDI in the permanent anterior teeth in their respective schools by two examiners trained in using WHO criteria for oral and dental examination. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics including a frequency distribution.
Results: The prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth in school children of Mumbai was 16.3%. The commonest cause of trauma was fall followed by sports activities, collision, and road traffic accidents.
Conclusion: The occurrence and various etiologies of traumatic injuries to maxillary anterior teeth in school children of Mumbai were approximately the same as found in other countries.
Clinical significance: The present study gives a bird\'s eye view on the prevalence and common etiology of TDI in school children of Mumbai.
Lam R, Abbott P, et al. Dental trauma in an Australian rural center. Dent Traumatol 2008;24:663–670. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2008.00689.x.
Lin S, Levin L, et al. Dentoalveolar and maxillofacial injuries: a 5-year multi-center study. Part 1: General vs facial and dental trauma. Dent Traumatol 2008;24:53–55. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00510.x.
Glendor U. Epidemiology of traumatic dental injuries – a 12 year review of the literature. Dent Traumatol 2008;24:603–611. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2008.00696.x.
Locker D. Prevalence of traumatic dental injury in grade 8 children in six Ontario communities. Can J Public Health 2005;96:73–76.
Hamilton FA, Hill FJ, An investigation of dento-alveolar trauma and its treatment in an adolescent population. Part 2: Dentists’ knowledge of management methods and their perceptions of barriers to providing care. Br Dent J 1997;182:129–133.
Kahabuka Fk, Plasschaert A, et al. Prevalence of teeth with untreated dental trauma among nursery and primary school pupils in dare s salaam, Tanzania. Dent Traumatol 2001;17(3):109–113.
Nik-hussein NN. Traumatic injuries to anterior teeth among school children in Malaysia. Dent Traumatol 2001;17(4):149–152.
Hamdan MA, Rajab LD. Traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth among 12-year-old schoolchildren in Jordan. Community Dent Health 2003;20:89–93.
Gupta K, Tandon S, et al. Traumatic injuries to the incisors in children of South Kanara District. A prevalence study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2002;20(3):107–113.
David J, Astrøm AN, et al. Factors associated with traumatic dental injuries among 12-year old schoolchildren in south India. Dent Traumatol 2009;25:500–505. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2009.00807.x.
Bhat N, Agrawal A, et al. Teeth fractured among visually impaired and sighted children of 12 and 15 years age groups of Udaipur city, India-a comparative study. Dent Traumatol 2011;27(5):389–392. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01007.x.
Gupta S, Kumar Jindal S, et al. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries and role of incisal overjet and inadequate lip coverage as risk factors among 4 to 15 years old government school children in Baddi-Barotiwala Area, Himachal Pradesh, India, Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2011;16(7):e960–e965.
Kumar A, Bansal V, et al. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries among 12 to 15 years old schoolchildren in Ambala district Haryana, India. Oral health Prev Dent 2011;9(3):301–305.
Patel MC, Sujan SG. The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to permanent anterior teeth and its relation with predisposing risk factors among 8–13 years school children of Vadodara City: an epidemiological study. J Indian Sco Pedod Prev Dent 2012;30(2): 151–157. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.99992.
Mohan G, Venugopal NR, et al. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to the anterior teeth among three to thirteen-year-old school children of Tamil Nadu. Contemp Clin Dent 2012;3(2):164–167. DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.96819.
Traebert J, Peres MA, et al. Prevalence of traumatic dental injury and association factors among 12-year-old school children in Floriano Polis Brazil. Dent Traumatol 2003;19(1):15–18.
Traebert J, Bittencourt DD, et al. Aetiology and rates of treatment of traumatic dental injuries among 12-year old school children in a town in southern Brazil. Dent Traumatol 2006;22(4):173–178. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00359.x.
Rocha MJ, Cardoso M. Traumatized permanent teeth in Brazilian children assisted at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Dent Traumatol 2001;17:245–249.
Saroglu I, Sonmez H. The prevalence of traumatic injuries treated in the Pedodontic Clinic of Ankara University, Turkey, during 18 months. Dent Traumatol 2002;18:299–303.
Zuhal K, Semra OE, et al. Traumatic injuries of the permanent incisors in children in southern Turkey: a retrospective study. Dent Traumatol 2005;21:20–25. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2004.00265.x.
Soriano EP, Caldas Jr AF, et al. Prevalence and risk factors related to traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian school children. Dent Traumatol 2007;23(4):232–240. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2005.00426.x.
Garcia-Godoy FM. Prevalence and distribution of traumatic injuries to the permanent teeth of Dominican children from private schools. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1984;12(2):136–139.
Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM. Textbook and colour atlas of traumatic injuries to teeth, 3rd ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1994.
Marcenes W, Beiruti N, et al. Epidemiology of traumatic dental injuries to permanent incisors of school children aged 9 to 12 in Damascus, Syria. Endod Dent Traumatol 1999;15(3):117–123.
Malikaew P, Watt RG, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with traumatic dental injuries (TDI) to anterior teeth of 11 to 13 year old Thai children. Community Dent Health 2006;23:222–227.
Sudeshni N, Aubrey S, et al. Traumatic dental injuries of permanent incisors in 11 to 13 year-old south African schoolchildren. Dent Traumatol 2009;25:224–228. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2008.00749.x.
Marcenes W, Murray S. Social deprivation and traumatic dental injuries among 14-year-old schoolchildren in Newham, London. Dent Traumatol 2001;17:17–21.