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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Degree of Conversion of Nanoceramic and Microhybrid Composites Activated by Different Polymerization Modes at Different Intervals: An In Vitro Comparative Study

Yasser M Al-Qahatani, Mohammed Al-Omari, Shibu T Mathew, Mohammed A Al-Qarni

Keywords : Ceram X, Degree of conversion, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Spectrum TPH

Citation Information : Al-Qahatani YM, Al-Omari M, Mathew ST, Al-Qarni MA. Degree of Conversion of Nanoceramic and Microhybrid Composites Activated by Different Polymerization Modes at Different Intervals: An In Vitro Comparative Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (1):22-27.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2713

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Introduction: This is an in vitro study to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) of nanoceramic and microhybrid composites activated by different polymerization modes at different intervals. Aim: To determine the DC of two resin composites at different time intervals and modes of polymerization on DC. Materials and methods: Two commercially available composite resins—nanoceramic (Ceram X, Dentsply) and microhybrid (Spectrum TPH, Dentsply)—were used in this study. A total of 80 cylindrical samples (n = 40 each) were made by packing the composites in one increment into (5 × 2 mm) Teflon molds and cured using a light-emitting diode (LED) at an irradiance of 1,200 mW/cm2. Each group was further divided into two groups (n = 20) based on the curing modes (20 seconds, 40 seconds). These 20 samples were further subdivided (n = 10) based on the time interval (2 days, 7 days). Degree of conversion was assessed by Fourier-transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) using a direct technique (attenuated total reflectance) on the top surface of the samples. Degree of conversion was measured for samples cured for 20 seconds (n = 10) and 40 seconds (n = 10) after 2 days and 7 days during which the samples were stored in an incubator at 37°C, 90% ± 10% relative humidity. The results obtained were statistically analyzed using two-way and three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and p value set at (<0.005) significance level. Results: Degree of conversion for the tested composites varied between 44% and 55% for Ceram X and 42% and 45% for Spectrum TPH. A significant difference was observed in DC for Ceram X samples for different polymerization modes (20 seconds and 40 seconds) as well as at 2–7 days measurement, whereas Spectrum TPH did not show any significant difference for polymerization modes. Conclusion: Ceram X demonstrated high DC values compared with that of Spectrum TPH with regard to two different polymerization modes. Clinical significance: Lesser the time required for conversion and less the residual monomer left, better is the prognosis of the restoration, and better is the patient satisfaction.

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