The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 10 ( October, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Assessment of Dental Caries, Periodontal Status, and Personality Trait among Population of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Jain Shveta, KN Jagadeesh, Sandhya Sree, Randhir Kumar

Keywords : Dental caries, Extroverts, Periodontitis, Psychological

Citation Information : Shveta J, Jagadeesh K, Sree S, Kumar R. Assessment of Dental Caries, Periodontal Status, and Personality Trait among Population of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (10):1155-1158.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2881

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 08-01-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Aim and objective: Assessment of dental caries, periodontitis, and personality trait among population of Dehradun. Materials and methods: This survey was conducted on 480 subjects age ranged 34–45 years of both genders (males—250, females—230). Decayed Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, periodontal status, and personality trait were recorded. Results: Age group 34–39 years is comprised of 130 males and 140 females and 40–45 years had 120 males and 90 females. Maximum males (120) were laborer and females were housewife (160). Commonly used method of oral hygiene practice was tooth powder by 80 males and 103 females. Maximum subjects of extroversion (180) was seen in age group 40–45 years, maximum females (110) were housewife with extroversion trait, maximum extroversion trait subjects were using tooth powder (113) and datum (100). Mean DMFT score in subjects was 2.52 and community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN) score was 3.41. There were 310 extroversion subjects, 120 neuroticism subjects, and 50 combinations of both extroversion and neuroticism. There was a significant difference in mean missing teeth and DMFT in subjects with different personality traits (p < 0.05). The post hoc test showed that mean missing teeth between group E and group E + N was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). The post hoc test showed that the mean sextant value for score 2 between group E vs N found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). Neurotic individuals were found to have poorer periodontal health as compared to extroverts. Conclusion: Authors found that personality trait such as psychological factors have greater impact on status of dental caries and periodontitis. Extroverts had less dental caries and better periodontal status when compared to other personality traits. Clinical significance: Psychological factors have a great impact on status of dental caries and periodontitis. By assessing various psychological factors, the occurrence of both can be avoided. Thus by improving oral health, overall health of an individual can be improved.

  1. Salzer S, Alkilzy M, Slot DE, et al. Sociobehavioural aspects in the prevention and control of dental caries and periodontal diseases at an individual and population level. J Clin Periodontol 2017;44(Suppl. 18): 106–115. DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12673.
  2. Sood P, Makkar DK, Gaba R, et al. Oral health related quality of life: perspectives. Dent J Adv Stud 2014;2(3):3–5. DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1671996.
  3. Tripathy S, Hansda U, Seth N, et al. Validation of the euroqol five-dimensions-threelevel quality of life instrument in a classical Indian language (Odia) and its use to assess quality of life and health status of cancer patients in Eastern India. Indian J Palliat Care 2015;21(3): 282–288. DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.164896.
  4. Lin F, Ye Y, Ye S, et al. Effect of personality on oral health–related quality of life in undergraduates. Angle Orthodont 2018;88(2): 215–220. DOI: 10.2319/051017-322.1.
  5. Thomson W, Caspi A, Poulton R, et al. Personality and oral health. Eur J Oral Sci 2011;5(119):366–372. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2011.00840.x.
  6. Sanadhya S, Aapaliya P, Jain S, et al. Assessment and comparison of clinical dental status and its impact on oral health-related quality of life among rural and urban adults of Udaipur, India: A cross-sectional study. J Basic Clin Pharm 2015;6(2):50–58.
  7. Shrestha N, Acharya J, Bishet S. Oral health perceptions, practice, dental caries prevalence, severity and related quality of life among adults aged 35-44 years in Jorpati, Nepal. Nepal Med Coll J 2015;17(1–2):36–42. DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v10i2.12953.
  8. Manhold JH, Rosenberg N. Study of the possible relationship of personality variables to dental cavities. J Dent Res 1954;33(3):356–363. DOI: 10.1177/00220345540330030901.
  9. Anuja P, Vrinda S, Manish J, et al. Oral Health-related Quality of Life in Relation to Oral Health Status among Residents in the Surrounding Areas of Rural Health Training Center Attached to a Medical College Hospital. J Orofac Res 2015;5(4):118–124.
  10. Frencken JE, Sharma P, Stenhouse L, et al. Global epidemiology of dental caries and severe periodontitis - A comprehensive review. J Clin Periodontol 2017;44(Suppl 18):S94–S105. DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12677.
  11. Schwendicke F, Dorfer CE, Schlattmann P, et al. Socioeconomic inequality and caries: a systematic review and metaanalysis. J Dent Res 2015;94(1):10–18. DOI: 10.1177/0022034514557546.
  12. Lewis CA, Musharraf S. The short form Eysenck personality questionnaire-revised (EPQR-S) and the revised abbreviated Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQR-A): Urdu translations. J Pak Med Assoc 2014;64(2):225–226.
  13. Abhishek KN, Jain J, Shamarao S, et al. Impact of periodontal status on oral health-related quality of life among police personnel in Virajpet, India. J Investig Clin Dent 2016;7(2):193–197. DOI: 10.1111/jicd.12139.
  14. Strauss FJ, Espinoza I, Stähli A, et al. Dental caries is associated with severe periodontitis in Chilean adults: a cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health 2019;19(1):278. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-019-0975-2.
  15. Eysenck HJ, An improvement on Personality Inventory; 1990. Available from:
  16. Gupta A, Shetty NL. Association between dental caries, periodontal status, and personality traits of 35–44-year-old adults in Bareilly City, Uttar Pradesh, India. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2019;17(4): 301–305. DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_127_18.
  17. Yavagal PC, Singla H. Prevalence of dental caries based on personality types of 35–44 years old residents in Davangere city. J. Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2017;7(1):32–35. DOI: 10.1016/j.jobcr.2016.09.004.
  18. Takeshita H, Ikebe K, Kagawa R, et al. Association of personality traits with oral health-related quality of life independently of objective oral health status: A study of community-dwelling elderly Japanese. J Dent 2015;43(3):342–349. DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2014.12.011.
  19. Horwitz BN, Luong G, Charles ST. Neuroticism and Extraversion Share Genetic and Environmental Effects with Negative and Positive Mood Spillover in a Nationally Representative Sample. Pers Individ Dif 2008;45(7):636–646. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.07.003.
  20. Zaitsu T, Kanazawa T, Shizuma Y, et al. Relationships between occupational and behavioral parameters and oral health status. Industrial Health. 2017;55(4):381–390. DOI: 10.2486/indhealth.2017-0011.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.