Quality and Readability of Web-based Arabic Health Information on Denture Hygiene: An Infodemiology Study
Mohammed N Alhajj, Mohammed Mashyakhy, Zaihan Ariffin, Zuryati Ab-Ghani, Yanti Johari, Nurul S Salim
Citation Information :
Alhajj MN, Mashyakhy M, Ariffin Z, Ab-Ghani Z, Johari Y, Salim NS. Quality and Readability of Web-based Arabic Health Information on Denture Hygiene: An Infodemiology Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (9):956-960.
Aim: This study aimed to assess the quality and readability of the available health information on the net regarding denture hygiene. Materials and methods: Three search engines (Google, Yahoo!, and Bing) were searched. The first 20 consecutive websites from each engine were obtained and checked for eligibility. For the quality of the websites, the Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode), the DISCERN tool, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Benchmarks, and Google PageRank were used for the assessment of the included websites. For readability, an online web tool was used, including well-known analyzing indices [Flesch Kincaid grade level (FKGL), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE)]. The acceptable readability level was set to be ≥80.0 for the FRE and <7 for the FKGL and SMOG. The data were presented in frequencies and percentages. Results: Out of the 60 screened websites, 14 websites were eligible for analysis. There was only one (7.1%) website that had the HONcode seal. The mean score of all websites based on the DISCERN tool was 29.6 ± 12.1, with no website achieved the high score (≥65). Only one (7.1%) website scored >5 based on Google PageRank. Regarding JAMA benchmarks, all websites achieved a mean score of 2.57 ± 1.1. The mean grade level based on the FKGL was 8.4 ± 6.3. All websites had a score of <7 according to the SMOG index. The mean score of the readability ease index was 90.5 ± 16.4. Conclusion: Most of the dental health information on denture hygiene available on the Arabic websites did not have the required level of quality, regardless of being readable and comprehensible by most of the general people. Clinical significance: Directing the patients to the appropriate websites related to their cases is the responsibility of the dentists.
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