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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2021 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Assessment of C-reactive Protein Level and Efficacy of Diclofenac Sodium and Mefenamic Acid in Relieving Pain in Mandibular Impacted Third Molar Surgery

Rohit Singh, Cheranjeevi Jayam, Revati Singh, Jazib Nazeer, Mohammad Asad Iqubal, Supriya Singh

Keywords : Diclofenac, Mefenamic acid, Third molar

Citation Information : Singh R, Jayam C, Singh R, Nazeer J, Iqubal MA, Singh S. Assessment of C-reactive Protein Level and Efficacy of Diclofenac Sodium and Mefenamic Acid in Relieving Pain in Mandibular Impacted Third Molar Surgery. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (1):39-41.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2852

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-04-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: To compare the efficacy of diclofenac sodium and mefenamic acid in relieving pain in mandibular impacted third molar surgery and to assess the level of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 90 patients of impacted mandibular third molars. All patients were administered with 2% lignocaine with 1:80,000 adrenaline, and surgical removal of impacted third molar was done following the standardized surgical procedure by a single oral surgeon. Patients were divided into two groups of 45 each. In group I, patients were prescribed 50 mg diclofenac sodium and in group II patients were prescribed 500 mg mefenamic acid for three times a day for 3 days. The CRP level was again evaluated after 3 days of analgesics. Pain was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS). Results: The mean VAS was 2.58 in group I and 3.46 in group II, which was statistically considerable (p < 0.05). The mean CRP level postoperatively in group I was 15.7 and after 3 days was 27.2 in group I, whereas it was 25.1 postoperatively and 31.5 after 3 days in group II. Conclusion: Authors found that diclofenac sodium as useful as mefenamic acid. The CRP level was raised significantly following surgery, thus reflecting that it is an indicator of inflammation. Clinical significance: Diclofenac sodium can be used to relieve pain. The CRP level evaluation can be helpful to assess inflammation following surgery.


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