The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 8 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation and Comparison of the Effect of Different Border Molding Materials on Complete Denture Retention: An in vivo Study

Prince Kumar, Renu B Pachar, Youginder Singla

Keywords : Complete denture, Green stick compound, Impression, Polyether.

Citation Information : Kumar P, Pachar RB, Singla Y. Evaluation and Comparison of the Effect of Different Border Molding Materials on Complete Denture Retention: An in vivo Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (8):982-987.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2369

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-08-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Aim: Different border molding materials have different qualities which help in recording fine details of tissues. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effect of different border molding materials on complete denture retention. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted on 10 completely edentulous patients in the age group of 50 to 70 years. On each patient, three different border moldings were completed. In group I, border molding was done with green stick impression compound. In group II, border molding was done with putty consistency addition silicone. In group III, border molding and final impression were done by polyether impression material in a single step. Permanent denture bases were fabricated with wire loop at the center. Retention was assessed in all three groups using a digital force gauge. Results: Upon data compilation and preparation of spread sheets for concerned groups, it was subjected to statistical analysis using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 21.0 for Windows. Mean age ± standard deviation (SD) was 57.40 ± 8.46 in group I, 57.40 ± 8.46 in group II, and 57.40 ± 8.46 in group III. The difference was nonsignificant (p > 0.05). The overall mean value for the group I was 4.59 ± 0.81. For group II, it was 4.7 ± 0.81. For group III, it was 6.72 ± 0.81. The difference was significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Green stick compound with light body final wash showed the lowest mean values of complete denture retention. Dentures made using polyether final impression material showed the highest mean values of complete denture retention followed by putty rubber base border molding with light body final wash. Clinical significance: In this study, polyether showed the highest mean retentive value compared with other tested materials; therefore, it could possibly provide some future innovative means in achieving optimal denture retention.

PDF Share
  1. Barone JV. Physiologic complete denture impressions. J Prosthet Dent 1963 Sep-Oct;13(5):800-809.
  2. Smith DE, Toolson LB, Bolender CL, Lord JL. One-step border molding of complete denture impressions using a polyether impression material. J Prosthet Dent 1979 Mar;41(3): 347-351.
  3. Woelfel JB, Hickey JC, Berg T Jr. Contour variations in one patient's impressions made by seven dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 1963 Jul;67:1-9.
  4. Lacy AM, Bellman T, Fukui H, Jendresen MD. Time-dependent accuracy of elastomer impression materials. Part I: condensation silicones. J Prosthet Dent 1981 Feb;45(2):209-215.
  5. Appelbaum EM, Mehra RV. Clinical evaluation of polyvinyl siloxane for complete denture impression. J Prosthet Dent 1984 Oct;52(4):537-539.
  6. Troendle GR, Troendle KB. The use of injectable polyvinylsiloxane as medium for border-molding denture impressions. J Prosthod 1992 Dec;1(2):121-123.
  7. Bolouri A, McCarthy SL. The use of pre-border-molded custom trays in complete denture fabrication. J Prosthet Dent 2001 Dec;86(6):655-657.
  8. Gupta R, Luthra RP, Mehta S. Two border molding techniques and materials on maxillary complete denture retention—an in-vivo study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2015 Oct-Dec;3(4): 109-112.
  9. Tasleem R, Bin Saeed MH, Javed MU. Comparison of complete denture fabricated by two different border molding materials, in terms of patients’ satisfaction. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2013 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):78-80.
  10. Kikuchi M, Ghani F, Watanabe M. Method for enhancing retention in complete denture bases. J Prosthet Dent 1999 Apr;81(4):399-403.
  11. Yarapatineni R, Vilekar A, Kumar JP, Kumar GA, Aravind P, Kumar PA. Comparative evaluation of border molding, using two different techniques in maxillary edentulous arches—an in vivo study. J Int Oral Health 2013 Dec;5(6):82-87.
  12. Olivieri A, Zuccari AG, Olivieri D. A technique for border molding with light-polymerized resin. J Prosthet Dent 2003 Jul;90(1):101.
  13. Al-Judy HJ. Comparison of the effect of sectional border molding using different molding and final impression materials on the retention of maxillary complete denture bases. IOSR J Dent Med Sci 2015 Jul;14(7):35-40.
  14. Qanungo A, Aras MA, Chitre V, Coutinho I, Rajagopal P, Mysore A. Comparative evaluation of border molding using two different techniques in maxillary edentulous arches: a clinical study. J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2016 Oct-Dec;16(4):340-345.
  15. Chafii NR, Cooper LF, Felton DA. A technique for border molding edentulous impressions using vinyl polysiloxane material. J Prosthodont 1999 Jun;8(2):129-134.
  16. Rizk FN. Effect of different border molding materials on complete denture retention. Cario Dent J 2008 Sep;24(3):415-420.
  17. Jone A, Jain AR. Clinical demonstration of border molding using various materials: a review. J Pharmac Res 2018;12(2):185-189.
  18. Khajuria RR, Singh R, Safaya R, Hajira N. Better material for final impression in complete dentures: an in vivo study. Int J Sci Study 2017 Oct;5(7):49-52.
  19. Kheur M, Jambhekar S, Sethi T, Kheur S. A comparative evaluation of three different techniques for single step border molding. J Dent Specialities 2015;3(1):81-85.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.