Citation Information :
Raghav D, Pachar RB, Singh RK, Kundra S, Arya S, Mehta LK. Evaluation of Predictability of Suitable Implant Lengths as related to Accurate Treatment Planning using Recent Roentgenographic Measures: A Key to Success. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (5):535-540.
Background and aim: Selection of suitable length of dental implants is very subjective and largely depends on clinical evidences and operator's expertise. The present study was aimed to assess the role of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and cephalograms as far as the selection of right implant length is concerned.
Materials and methods: The study includes 220 patients for whom radiographic and follow-up records were obtained. There were 105 males and 115 females in the age range of 22 to 58 years. A total of 98 implant sites in different edentulous areas were studied. Length of implant was predicted at treatment planning and compared with finally placed implant at surgical stages. It also includes the in-depth exploration of (1) number of implants placed per patient, (2) implant per edentulous areas, (3) implant location, and (4) implant region. For prediction of implant lengths, CBCT results were obtained and compared with cephalometric findings. Accuracies of implant lengths as planned by CBCT and cephalometric images were also studied at treatment planning and surgical stages.
Statistical analysis and results: Upon statistical comparisons, we found that larger implant lengths chosen at treatment planning stage did not change in 65.5% of patients. In addition, the smaller length implants were just about the same as that with larger dimensions. The CBCT results were satisfactory (up to 98.5%). Cephalometry was performed well in this prediction, especially in posterior mandible (87.9%). However, its performance in anterior maxillary region was not satisfactory (69.6%). Intergroup comparisons of CBCT and cephalometric results at different regions were significant (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Our study results show insignificant changes in the length of implants that was exactly planned using CBCT scans. Therefore, accurate prediction of implant lengths can be done using CBCT scans as they have superior and advanced tools that facilitate presurgical decision-making. Lateral cephalometric evaluation has been shown as an imperative radiographic tool for determining implant lengths as it confirmed the significance bone resorption on the selection of implant length at different sites.
Clinical significance: The CBCT and lateral cephalogram offer excellent anatomical details that can be judiciously applied for treatment planning and other clinical decision-making, including selection of correct implant length. Our study advocates thorough cephalometric evaluations of mandible wherein implants are to be placed for implant-supported overdentures.
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