The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 9 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Oral Lesions found in a Dental School in Southern Brazil

Maria SS Linden, Letícia C Dogenski, Ana P Farina, Daniela C Miyagaki

Keywords : Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Oral lesions, Stomatology, Treatment

Citation Information : Linden MS, Dogenski LC, Farina AP, Miyagaki DC. Oral Lesions found in a Dental School in Southern Brazil. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (9):1037-1041.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2377

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-09-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to perform an epidemiological survey of the cases of oral lesions diagnosed in a Brazilian dental school. Materials and methods: An epidemiological survey was carried out at the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Passo Fundo (FOUPF), Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, between March 2015 and June 2017, characterizing the patients in terms of gender, age, and ethnicity. A total of 3,200 records were evaluated, from which 716 presented information on oral lesions diagnosed and treated at the clinics of the FOUPF. The data were evaluated by descriptive statistics of frequency. Results: The most frequent change was the coated tongue (13.83%). The majority of the patients were female (56%), white (31.57%), in the sixth decade of life (21.65%). Regarding the classification of lesions, the most frequent group was developmental changes (25%). Conclusion: It is considered that the sample studied presented a significant index of oral lesions and normality changes, considering that 716 (22.38%) patients studied showed some type of change in the oral cavity. Clinical significance: The sample studied presents peculiar characteristics regarding the number of oral lesions/conditions diagnosed. It is also considered that Schools of Dentistry are valuable environments for carrying out epidemiological surveys in stomatology, providing the diagnostic exercise, as long as the students are stimulated for this purpose.


PDF Share
  1. Antunes JL, Narvai PC. Dental health policies in Brazil and their impact on health inequalities. Rev Saúde Públ 2010 Feb;44(2):360-365.
  2. Ali MA, Joseph BK, Sundaram D. Dental students’ ability to detect and diagnose oral mucosal lesions. J Dent Educ 2015 Feb;79(2):140-145.
  3. Roncalli AG, Côrtes MI, Peres KG. Oral health epidemiology and surveillance models in Brazil. Cad Saude Publica 2012 Sep;28(Suppl):S58-S68.
  4. Tortorici S, Corrao S, Natoli G, Difalco P. Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal non-malignant lesions in the western Sicilian population. Minerva Stomatol 2016 Aug;65(4):191-206.
  5. Maturana-Ramírez A, Adorno-Farias D, Reyes-Rojas M, Farías-Vergara M, Aitken-Saavedra J. A retrospective analysis of a reactive hyperplastic lesion of the oral cavity: study of 1149 cases diagnosed between 2000 and 2011, Chile. Acta Odontol Latinoam 2015 Aug;28(2):103-107.
  6. Jain K, Kaur H. Prevalence of oral lesions and measurement of salivary pH in the different trimesters of pregnancy. Singapore Med J 2015 Jan;56(1):53-57.
  7. Jafarzadeh H, Sanatkhani M, Mohtasham N. Oral pyogenic granuloma: a review. J Oral Sci 2006 Dec;48(4):167-175.
  8. Antunes JL, Toporcov TN, Biazevic MG, Boing AF, Bastos JL. Gender and racial inequalities in trends of oral cancer mortality in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Rev Saúde Publ 2013 Jun;47(3):470-478.
  9. Borges DM, Sena MF, Ferreira MA, Roncalli AG. Mortality for oral cancer and socioeconomic status in Brazil. Cad Saúde Publ 2009 Feb;25(2):321-327.
  10. Cueto A, Martínez R, Niklander S, Deichler J, Barraza A, Esguep A. Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in an elderly populations in the city of Valparaíso, Chile. Gerodontology 2013 Sep;30(3):201-206.
  11. Saintrain MV, Holanda TG, Bezerra TM, Almeida PC. Prevalence of soft tissue oral lesion in elderly and its relations with deleterious habits. Gerodontology 2012 Jun;29(2):130-134.
  12. Carvalho Mde V, Iglesias DP, do Nascimento GJ, Sobral AP. Epidemiological study of 534 biopsies of oral mucosa lesions in elderly Brazilian patients. Gerodontology 2011 Jun;28(2):111-115.
  13. Peres MA, Antunes JL, Boing AF, Borges KG, Bastos JL. Skin colour is associated with periodontal disease in Brazilian adults: a population-based oral health survey. J Clin Periodontol 2007 Mar;34(3):196-201.
  14. Vieira-Andrade RG, Guimarães Fde F, Vieira Cda S, Freire ST, Ramos-Jorge ML, Fernandes AM. Oral mucosa alterations in a socioeconomically deprived region: prevalence and associated factors. Braz Oral Res 2011 Sep-Oct;25(5):393-400.
  15. Patil S, Kaswan S, Rahman F, Doni B. Prevalence of tongue lesions in the Indian population. J Clin Exp Dent 2013 Jul;5(3):e128-e132.
  16. Henrique PR, Bazaga Júnior M, Araújo VC, Junqueira JLC, Furuse C. Prevalence of changes in oral mucosa in adults in the population of Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Rev Gaúcha Odontol 2009 Jul-Sep;57(3):261-267.
  17. Medeiros FC, Araújo-Silva TF, Ferreira KA, Oliveira-Moura JM, Cavalcanti-Lima IP, Guerra-Seabra EJ. Use of dental prostheses and their relationship with oral lesions. Rev Salud Publica 2015 Aug;17(4):603-611.
  18. da Silva HF, Martins-Filho PR, Piva MR. Denture-related oral mucosal lesions among farmers in a semi-arid Northeastern Region of Brazil. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2011 Sep;6(6):740-744.
  19. Petti S, Scully C. Determinants of oral cancer at the national level: just a question of smoking and alcohol drinking prevalence? Odontology 2010 Jul;98(2):144-152.
  20. Saleh A, Kong YH, Vengu N, Badrudeen H, Zain RB, Cheonn SC. Dentists’ perception of the role they play in early detection of oral cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 Jan;15(1):229-237.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.