Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Oral Health Promotion among Oral Health Providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Mosa A Shubayr, Leah R Alexander, Mohammed A Tabatabai, Dania E Alagili
Attitude, Knowledge, Oral health promotion, Oral health providers, Practice
Citation Information :
Shubayr MA, Alexander LR, Tabatabai MA, Alagili DE. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Oral Health Promotion among Oral Health Providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (2):231-238.
Aim: This study was to establish a baseline level of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of oral health promotion (OHP) among oral health providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study also described and evaluated the factors that facilitate or limit the practice of OHP and examined the relationship between the level of knowledge and attitude that practitioners have of OHP and their OHP practice.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire included demographic questions and questions on the KAP of oral health promotion. Out of 365 questionnaires that were disseminated, 106 questionnaires were fully completed. Crosstabulation was conducted to establish factors associated with KAP scores. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the factors that were associated with the practice of OHP.
Results: The baseline level of oral health providers' knowledge and attitude toward OHP was fair. Only a few providers have integrated OHP into their practice. Age of participants was significantly associated with knowledge of OHP among the providers. Also, there was a significant difference in mean attitude scores toward OHP by education level. The practice of OHP was significantly related to education level and facility type.
Conclusion: Further research focusing on different cities or geographical regions in the KSA is needed to validate this finding. Also, the finding supports the need for continuous training in OHP to ensure that health providers understand and apply OHP practices in their work.
Clinical significance: Due to the scarcity of data that measure OHP among oral health providers in the KSA, proper education and training programs by governmental authorities are difficult to implement. This study will provide baseline measures for future investigations for academicians and practitioners, alike.
World Health Organization. Oral health [Internet]. 2012 [cited 9 October 2018]. Available from: http://www.who.int/oral_health/publications/factsheet/en/
Department of Health and Human Services. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General (Executive Summary) | National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research [Internet]. 2000 [cited 9 October 2018]. Available from: https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/research/data-statistics/ surgeon-general
Al-Ansari J, Honkala E, Honkala S. Oral health knowledge and behavior among male health sciences college students in Kuwait. BMC Oral Health. 2003 Dec;3(1):2.
Usman S, Bhat SS, Sargod SS. Oral health knowledge and behavior of clinical medical, dental and paramedical students in Mangalore. J Oral Health Comm Dent. 2007 Jan;1(3):46-8.
Mouradian WE, Schaad DC, Kim S, Leggott PJ, Domoto PS, Maier R, Stevens NG, Koday M. Addressing disparities in children's oral health: a dental-medical partnership to train family practice residents. Journal of Dental Education. 2003 Aug 1;67(8):886-95.
Ahamed S, Moyin S, Punathil S, Patil NA, Kale VT, Pawar G. Evaluation of the oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior of the preclinical and clinical dental students. Journal of international oral health: JIOH. 2015 Jun;7(6):65.
Zadik Y, Galor S, Lachmi R, Proter N. Oral self-care habits of dental and healthcare providers. International journal of dental hygiene. 2008 Nov;6(4):354-360.
Chisick MC, Richter P, Piotrowski MJ. Dental health promotion and preventive dentistry practices of US Army dentists. Military medicine. 2000 Aug 1;165(8):604-606.
Ministry of Health. Statistical Yearbook [Internet]. 2018 [cited 9 October 2018]. Available from: https://www.moh.gov.sa/en/Ministry/Statistics/Book/Pages/default.aspx
Taukobong NP, Myezwa H, Pengpid S, Van Geertruyden JP. Knowledge, attitude and practice about health promotion amongst physiotherapists in South Africa. Physiotherapy. 2015 May 1;101:e1491-e1492.
Baseer MA, Alenazy MS, Al Asqah M, Al Gabbani M, Mehkari A. Oral health knowledge, attitude and practices among health professionals in King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh. Dental research journal. 2012 Jul;9(4):386.
El Bcheraoui C, Tuffaha M, Daoud F, Kravitz H, Al Mazroa MA, Al Saeedi M, Memish ZA, Basulaiman M, Al Rabeeah AA, Mokdad AH. Use of dental clinics and oral hygiene practices in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013. International dental journal. 2016 Apr;66(2):99-104.
Baghdadi ZD. Improving oral health status of children in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Dentistry Journal. 2014 Feb 19;2(1):22-40.
Baseer MA, Mehkari MA, Al-Marek FA, Bajahzar OA. Oral health knowledge, attitude, and self-care practices among pharmacists in Riyadh, Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia. Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry. 2016 Mar;6(2):134.
Al-Jaber A, Da'ar OB. Primary health care centers, extent of challenges and demand for oral health care in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. BMC health services research. 2016 Dec;16(1):628.
Raheel SA, Kujan OB. The opinion and response of health professionals associated with academics about the research design and methods: A study. Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry. 2016 Mar;6(2):154.