The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2019 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Staining Power of Natural and Artificial Dyes after At-home Dental Bleaching

Márcia Rezende, Aline C Kapuchczinski, Laína Vochikovski, Ivo M Demiate, Alessandro D Loguercio, Stella Kossatz

Keywords : Coloring agents, Hydrogen peroxide, Laboratory research, Tooth bleaching

Citation Information : Rezende M, Kapuchczinski AC, Vochikovski L, Demiate IM, Loguercio AD, Kossatz S. Staining Power of Natural and Artificial Dyes after At-home Dental Bleaching. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (4):424-427.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2533

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Bleached enamel surfaces may undergo changes and retain more dye, which is a reason to recommend the reduction/suspension of foods with dyes during dental bleaching. Aim: Evaluate the effects of the action of natural and artificial dyes on the bleached enamel of extracted human teeth. Materials and methods: Fifty human premolars were used, which were distributed in 5 groups (n = 10) according to the following staining solutions: GW (distilled water); GB (beet); Gca (caramel); GC (carmine); and GR (red 40). After the removal of the root and pulp section, the teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks, stored in artificial saliva, and kept at 37oC. At-home bleaching was performed using 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) for 3 hours daily for 3 weeks. After each daily session of bleaching, the specimens were exposed to the dye solution twice a day for 5 min; one of these exposures was performed immediately after bleaching. The color was recorded using a spectrophotometer according to the CIE Lab system (ƒ¢E) for the following periods: baseline, during bleaching (after 1st, 2nd, and 3rd week) and post-bleaching (after 1 week and 1 month). The color was evaluated by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey\'s test (ƒ¿=0.05). Results: There was effective dental bleaching for all groups: GW (18.5 ± 6.1), GB (19.9 ± 4.4), Gca (18.9 ± 6.1), GC (20.2 ± 4.6), and GR (19.3 ± 4.2), p <0.01. No color rebound was observed after 1 week and 1 month (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The exposure to beet, carmine, caramel, and red 40 dyes did not interfere with the effectiveness of dental bleaching using 16% CP. Clinical significance: Dyes consumption during bleaching did not affect the effectiveness of dental bleaching.


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