Performance of Fluorescence-based Systems in Early Caries Detection: A Public Health Issue
Elodie Terrer, Amel Slimani, Nicolas Giraudeau, Bernard Levallois, Paul Tramini, Eric Bonte, Chau Hua, Marion Lucchini, Dominique Seux, Béatrice Thivichon, Anne Le Goff, Frédéric Cuisinier, Hervé Tassery
Citation Information :
Terrer E, Slimani A, Giraudeau N, Levallois B, Tramini P, Bonte E, Hua C, Lucchini M, Seux D, Thivichon B, Le Goff A, Cuisinier F, Tassery H. Performance of Fluorescence-based Systems in Early Caries Detection: A Public Health Issue. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (10):1126-1132.
Aim: Modern clinical caries management involves early stage caries diagnosis and should fit with dental health policy. The objective of this study was to achieve early caries detection in enamel and dentine with a laser-based system (DIAGNOdent™ pen) first and secondary with a new fluorescence intra-oral camera (Soprolife®). A visual inspection with a loupe was used as control.
Materials and methods: Following the consolidated standards of reporting trials recommendations, 628 occlusal fissures were included for analysis.
Results: The sensitivity and specificity of both devices varied depending on the cutoff threshold of the caries score, and the ROC curve showed higher values for the Soprolife® than for DIAGNOdent™ pen. The values of the area under the curve decreased from 0.81 (Soprolife® in daylight) to 0.79 (Soprolife® in fluorescent mode) and 0.67 for DIAGNOdent™ pen. DIAGNOdent™ pen reproducibility (intra and inter-investigator) showed a wide dispersion, with many values scattered beyond the confidence limits (±2 SD), and the weighted kappa coefficient, which was quite low (0.58), confirmed this tendency.
Conclusion: Caries prevalence in terms of public health policy is of interest and caries detection increased significantly when using an fluorescence-based intra-oral camera.
Clinical significance: The clinical significance of these findings is that fluorescence could help improve caries diagnosis, reduce clinical misinterpretations, and finally benefit the patients.
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