The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 10 ( October, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Assessment of Various Dental Occupational Hazards and Safety Measures among Dentists of Odisha, India

Srinivasan Bhuvaneshwari, Jain Shveta, Pooja Soni, Fathimath Zahra, Jeethu John Jerry

Citation Information : Bhuvaneshwari S, Shveta J, Soni P, Zahra F, Jerry JJ. Assessment of Various Dental Occupational Hazards and Safety Measures among Dentists of Odisha, India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (10):1165-1169.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2885

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Aim and objective: Dental professionals are more prone to get exposed to various occupational health problems. The aim is to assess various dental occupational hazards and safety measures among dentists of Odisha, India. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted among 572 dental professionals of both genders. A self-administered questionnaire which comprises name, age, gender, number of years of experience, type of occupational hazard, awareness of occupational hazards, safety measures practiced, and working hours per week was given to dental professionals and the responses were recorded. Results: 545 (95.2%) dentists were responded out of 572 participants. Age group 20–40 years had 55 males and 24 females, 40–60 years had 154 males and 84 females, and >60 years had 116 males and 60 females. 220 dentists had 10–15 years of experience, 190 had 5–10 years, 60 had <5 years, 40 had 15–20 years, and 35 had >20 years. The difference was significant (p < 0.05). The most common occupational hazard was musculoskeletal disorders seen in 480 (88%), stress in 273 (50%); maximum occupational hazard (52%) was noticed in dentists with <5 years of working experience; proper safety protocols adopted by dentists were the use of sterilized instruments 99%, gloves 98%, face mask 82%, vaccination against hepatitis 54%, head cap 51%, eyewear 12.6%, and proper waste disposal 7%. The difference was significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The chances of occupational hazards are more common in dentists. The prevalence was higher among dentists with less than 5 years of experience. Clinical significance: Knowledge and awareness about occupational hazards can help prevent complications due to occupational hazards in dental practice.

  1. Alghadir A, Zafar H, Iqbal ZA. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals in Saudi Arabia. J Phys Ther Sci 2015;27(4):1107–1112. DOI: 10.1589/jpts.27.1107.
  2. Aljanakh M, Shaikh S, Siddiqui AA, et al. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among dentists in the hail region of Saudi Arabia. Ann Saudi Med 2015;35(6):456–461. DOI: 10.5144/0256-4947.2015.456.
  3. Babaji P, Samadi F, Jaiswal JN, et al. Occupational hazards among dentists: a review of literature. J Int Dent Med Res 2011;4(2): 87–93.
  4. Moodley R, Naidoo S, van Wyk J. The prevalence of occupational health-related problems in dentistry: A review of the literature. J Occup Health 2018;60(2):111–125. DOI: 10.1539/joh.17- 0188-RA.
  5. Nokhostin MR, Zafarmand AH. “Musculoskeletal problem”: Its prevalence among Iranian dentists. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2016;6(Suppl 1):S41–S46. DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.181166.
  6. Gupta D, Mathur A, Patil GI, et al. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder and alternative medicine therapies among dentists of North India: A descriptive study. Pharmacognosy Res 2015;7(4):350–354. DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.157810.
  7. Al-Zubair NM, Sultan Al-ak'hali M, Ghandour IA. Stress among dentists in Yemen. Saudi J Dent Res 2015;6(2):140–145. DOI: 10.1016/j.sjdr.2014.09.003.
  8. Reddy V, Bennadi D, Satish G, et al. Occupational hazards among dentists: A descriptive study. J Oral Hyg Health 2015;3:185.
  9. Rafie F, Jam AZ, Shahravan A, et al. Prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in dentists: symptoms and risk factors. J Environ Public Health 2015. 517346. DOI: 10.1155/2015/517346.
  10. Al-Aslami RA, Elshamy FMM, Maamar EM, et al. Knowledge and awareness towards occupational hazards and preventive measures among students and dentists in Jazan Dental College, Saudi Arabia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018;6(9):1722–1726. DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2018.345.
  11. Solanki J, Gupta S. Occupational hazards among western indian private dental practitioners: a questionnaire- based descriptive study. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2017;15(1):48–52.
  12. Ayatollahi J, Ayatollahi F, Ardekani AM, et al. Occupational hazards to dental staff. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2012;9(1):2–7. DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.92919.
  13. Chopra SS, Pandey SS. Occupational hazards among dental surgeons. Med J Armed Forces India 2007;63(1):23–25. DOI: 10.1016/S0377-1237(07)80100-6.
  14. Puriene A, Aleksejuniene J, Petrauskiene J, et al. Occupational hazards of dental profession to psychological wellbeing. Stomatologija. Baltic Dent Maxillofac J 2007;9:72–78.
  15. Laheij AMGA, Kistler JO, Belibasakis GN, et al. Healthcare-associated viral and bacterial infections in dentistry. J Oral Microbiol. 2012;17659:1–10. DOI: 10.3402/jom.v4i0.17659.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.