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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of Marginal Adaptation of Composite Restorations Reinforced with Novel Enamel Inserts (Biofillers) in Class V Cavities

Keerti S Allappanavar, Basanagouda S Patil, Reshma S Hegde, Prashant Moogi

Citation Information : Allappanavar KS, Patil BS, Hegde RS, Moogi P. Evaluation of Marginal Adaptation of Composite Restorations Reinforced with Novel Enamel Inserts (Biofillers) in Class V Cavities. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (12):1368-1373.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2964

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-04-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Aim and objective: To evaluate the marginal adaptation at the tooth-restoration interface at enamel and cementum margins using composite restoration reinforced with novel enamel inserts/biofillers. Materials and methods: Standardized class V box-shaped cavities were prepared in 40 extracted maxillary first premolar teeth which were divided randomly into four experimental groups consisting of 10 samples each. Group I: Bulk placement. Groups II: Horizontal incremental technique. Group III: Restoration with precured composite balls (megafillers). Group IV: Restoration with biofillers. All the cavities were restored with visible light-activated direct restorative nanocomposite. The specimens were thermocycled for 24 hours. After thermocycling, the samples were immersed in a 1% methylene blue for 4 hours and subsequently evaluated for microleakage. Microleakage scores (0–4) were obtained from gingival margins of class V restorations and analyzed by statistical analysis. Evaluation of the data was performed by Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Mann–Whitney U tests. Results: Microleakage scores have indicated restorations with biofillers showed best results followed by megafillers, incremental horizontal build-up, and bulk filling. Conclusion: Biofillers provide a novel approach in improving microleakage and marginal adaptability of composite resin restorations. Clinical significance: Incorporation of inserts, which are capable of adequate bonding to resin and tooth, may provide improved marginal adaptability and reduce microleakage around restorative margins.

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