Citation Information :
Kumar M, Paliwal A, Ganapathy SK, Kumari N, Singh AR. Comparison of Canal Transportation in TruNatomy, ProTaper Gold, and Hyflex Electric Discharge Machining File Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (2):117-121.
Aim: This study was carried out to compare canal transportation in three new rotary file systems, namely TruNatomy, ProTaper Gold, and Hyflex Electric Discharge Machining file system, using cone-beam computed tomography.
Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 105 extracted teeth consisting of 60 extracted mandibular first molars and 45 mandibular second premolars involving the mesiolingual canal of mandibular first molar and the root canal of second premolar. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups of 35 out of which each group consisted of 20 mandibular first molars and 15 mandibular second premolars. The TruNatomy rotary file was used in group I, ProTaper Gold was used in group II, and Hyflex Electric Discharge Machining was used in group III. Cone-beam computed tomography scan images were obtained both before and after instrumentation. Changes caused by preparation in the coronal, middle, and apical thirds were determined on cone-beam computed tomography scans and analyzed using the Kruskal–Wallis test at p ≤ 0.05 level of significance.
Results: TruNatomy showed least amount of canal transportation as compared with other two file systems at all the three levels of canals. ProTaper Gold showed maximum amount of canal transportation as compared with other two file systems at all the three levels of canals. The Hyflex EDM rotary file system showed transportation, which was more than the TruNatomy file system while it was less than that of ProTaper Gold. The difference was statically significant at the middle one-third level (p = 0.03) and at the coronal level (p = 0.02).
Conclusion: The TruNatomy system has least amount of canal transportation as compared with ProTaper Gold and Hyflex EDM system. With potential to preserve tooth structure, this file has an added advantage over other rotary file systems.
Clinical significance: The TruNatomy file system has been recently introduced with good cyclic fatigue resistance. It is necessary to evaluate the root canal transportation caused by the TruNatomy file.
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