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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2021 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of BMP2 Gene Association with Skeletal Class I Crowding: A PCR Study

Kalpesh Sharma, Vijay N Yannawar, Ganesh R Kotalwar, Pallavi Madanshetty, Ishita Grover, Prashant S Lagali

Keywords : BMP2 gene, DNA sequencing, Genetic markers, Single nucleotide polymorphism, Skeletal class I

Citation Information : Sharma K, Yannawar VN, Kotalwar GR, Madanshetty P, Grover I, Lagali PS. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of BMP2 Gene Association with Skeletal Class I Crowding: A PCR Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (3):248-252.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3088

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-03-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: This study is conducted to find the association of BMP2 (bone morphogenic protein 2) gene variant rs1005464 and rs15705 with skeletal class I crowding cases. Materials and methods: Blood samples from 60 subjects who visited the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, D.A.P.M.R.V. Dental College, Bengaluru, were taken after written informed consent. These were divided into two groups: group A with 30 subjects having skeletal class I bases with crowding and group B with 30 subjects having skeletal class I bases without visible crowding or spacing (±2 mm). Around 2 mL of venous blood sample was procured from cases and controls after careful examination. All the samples were then subjected to polymerase chain reaction followed by DNA sequencing and capillary electrophoresis. BMP2 rs1005464 and rs15705 gene variants were assessed and Z-Test was used for statistical analysis. Result: GG (p = 0.001) and CC (p = 0.0024) genotype of BMP2 gene variant rs1005464 and rs15705, respectively, are significantly associated with skeletal class I crowding cases. Conclusion: This study concludes that BMP2 variants rs1005464 and rs15705 can be used as genetic markers for skeletal class I bases having crowding. Clinical significance: Predisposing genetic markers BMP2 can be identified prior and this would help in predicting the probability of potential crowding in the future and this would help in early prevention and intervention of crowding.


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