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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2021 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Comparative Analysis of Biodentine, Calcium Hydroxide, and 2% Chlorhexidine with Resin-modified Glass Ionomer Cement as Indirect Pulp Capping Materials in Young Permanent Molars

Shalan Kaul, Ajay Kumar, Ankush Jasrotia, Kamna Gorkha, Stuti Kumari, Sumaya Y Jeri

Keywords : Biodentine, Calcium hydroxide, Indirect pulp capping, Resin-modified glass ionomer cement

Citation Information : Kaul S, Kumar A, Jasrotia A, Gorkha K, Kumari S, Jeri SY. Comparative Analysis of Biodentine, Calcium Hydroxide, and 2% Chlorhexidine with Resin-modified Glass Ionomer Cement as Indirect Pulp Capping Materials in Young Permanent Molars. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (5):511-516.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3084

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 09-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: This study was carried out to compare the effectiveness of biodentine, calcium hydroxide, and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate used along with resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) as indirect pulp capping (IPC) materials in young permanent molars. Materials and methods: In this study, 54 patients were selected. Among these patients, 72 young permanent molars were selected randomly in which IPC was required. These teeth were randomly categorized into three different groups and each group consisted of 24 teeth. The first group was group A consisting of teeth treated with biodentine, the second group was group B consisting of teeth treated with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate being followed by RMGIC, while the third was group C consisting of teeth treated with calcium hydroxide. All cases were subjected to follow-up for clinical and radiographic evaluation at 4, 8, and 16 months. The data were recorded and analyzed statistically by utilizing the Chi-square test. Results: After 16 months, 95.83% of cases in group A consisting of teeth treated with biodentine showed successful results both clinically and radiographically. While 87.5% of cases in group B consisting of teeth treated with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate being followed by RMGIC showed successful results. And finally, 91.66% of cases in group C consisting of teeth treated with calcium hydroxide showed successful results. Conclusion: Biodentine can be efficiently used as an IPC agent in young permanent molars although all three materials were effective in IPC with a nonsignificant difference statistically. This study highlights the success of IPC in young permanent molars and the choice of better IPC material can be biodentine. Clinical significance: Indirect pulp capping is one of the procedures in which preservation of carious affected dentin nearest to the pulp is carried out to protect the pulp. Several new IPC agents like biodentine have been introduced. Hence, it is necessary to evaluate their effectiveness.


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