Citation Information :
Kumari S, Raman N, Sharma S, Srivastava AK, G, Chauhan AS. Comparison between Different Shades of Monolithic Zirconia over Microhardness and Water Solubility and Sorption of Dual-cure Resin Cement. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (9):1019-1024.
Aim and objective: To compare the different shades of monolithic zirconia over microhardness and water solubility and water sorption of dual-cure resin cement.
Materials and methods: Eighty specimens were included in the study. They were categorized into four categories having 20 samples each. Category one: No ceramic disks were present in the control group; the cement was directly activated. Category two: Curing of the resin cement with one shade of monolithic zirconia topping. Category three: Curing of the resin cement with an overlaying layer A monolithic zirconia version with two shades. Category four: Curing of the resin cement with an overlaying layer A three-tone monolithic zirconia version. In each category, two subgroups were further created (n = 10). One subgroup consisted of conventional dual-cure resin-based cement, while the other subgroup consisted of self-adhesive dual-cure resin-based cement. Vickers microhardness, water solubility, and water sorption of resin cement sorption were precisely measured after 24 hours of storage in an incubator at 37°C. The statistical analysis was undertaken with the help of statistical tests like two-way analysis of variations (ANOVA), one-way ANOVA, independent t-tests, Tukey\'s test, and Tamhane\'s T2 test. The p ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Microhardness was more excellent in conventional dual-cure resin-based cement in comparison with self-adhesive dual-cure cement. At the same time, the water solubility and water sorption were lower in conventional dual-cure resin-based cement than self-adhesive dual-cure resin cement. The effect of shade of monolithic variant of zirconia was significant over the microhardness of both dual-cure resin-based cement; however, the impact was nonsignificant over the water solubility and water sorption of the resin-based resin cement. Further, it was also observed that the use of a monolithic variant of zirconia led to a decrease in microhardness of both dual resin-based cement in comparison to the condition when no ceramics were used.
Conclusion: The effect of shade of monolithic variant of zirconia was statistically significant over the microhardness of both dual-cure resin-based cement; however, the result was not significant over the water solubility and water sorption of the resin-based cement. The use of a monolithic variant of zirconia led to a decrease in the microhardness of both dual resin-based cement compared to the condition when no ceramics were used.
Clinical significance: The quantity of polymerization in resin-based cement affects their clinical effectiveness for a more extended period. It is believed that the measurement of microhardness is a reliable and straightforward process for evaluating the amount of polymerization of resin-based cement. Very few studies have been conducted in the past to compare the shades of monolithic zirconia over the microhardness, water solubility, and water sorption of the dual-cure resin-based cement.
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