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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2011 ) > List of Articles


Flare-up Incidence and Related Factors in Nigerian Adults

Hamid Jafarzadeh, Christopher I Udoye, Emmanuel N Aguwa, Mehdi Habibi

Citation Information : Jafarzadeh H, Udoye CI, Aguwa EN, Habibi M. Flare-up Incidence and Related Factors in Nigerian Adults. J Contemp Dent Pract 2011; 12 (2):120-123.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1020

Published Online: 01-02-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; The Author(s).



To determine the incidence of flare-up and the effect of age, gender, visit type, treatment duration, preoperative pain and intraoperative pain on flare-up in Nigerian adults.

Materials and methods

A total of 175 participants, aged 18 to 60 years with a necrotic central incisor, with or without preoperative pain, participated. They received postoperative paracetamol tablets and were asked to report back if unbearable pain/swelling developed.


A 10% flare-up rate was recorded, while none of the studied factors had a significant relationship with flare-up.


The relationships between flare-up and studied related factors were not proven.

Clinical significance

Age, gender, visit type, treatment duration, preoperative pain and intraoperative pain have no effect on flare-up incidence.

How to cite this article

Udoye CI, Jafarzadeh H, Aguwa EN, Habibi M. Flare-up Incidence and Related Factors in Nigerian Adults. J Contemp Dent Pract 2011;12(2):120-123.

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