Citation Information :
Ali MR, Mustafa M, Bårdsen A, Gharaei MA, Fristad I, Bletsa A. Differential Responses of Human Dental Pulp Stromal Cells to Bioceramic Materials: A Comparative In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (12):1386-1392.
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of white MTA-Angelus (wMTA), Biodentine® (Biodentine) and TotalFill® BC Root Repair MaterialTM putty (TotalFill) on human dental pulp stromal cells (hDPSCs) in vitro.
Materials and methods: hDPSCs were isolated from third molars of healthy young adults. Material elutes at different concentrations were prepared. Cells were exposed to the eluates for 1, 3, and 7 days. Cell proliferation was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazoyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay. The expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteocalcin (OC), collagen1A (Col1A), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1), interleukin 6 (IL6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and interleukin-1-beta (IL1β) was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). VEGF-A protein levels and ALP activity were quantified in the culture supernatant. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). p values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: hDPSC proliferation was decreased in a dose-related manner for all materials on day 3. The same effect was observed with wMTA and TotalFill on day 7. RT-PCR showed that Biodentine increased the expression of the osteogenic markers ALP, OPG, and OC. TotalFill decreased the ALP expression and activity, enhanced the production of angiogenic VEGF-A, and downregulated the inflammatory IL6 on day 7.
Conclusion: Although the tested materials are used interchangeably in vital pulp therapy, the findings showed varied hDPSC responses. Biodentine did not affect cell proliferation and increased the expression of osteo-/odontogenic markers compared to wMTA and TotalFill, whereas TotalFill decreased cell proliferation and exhibited enhanced angiogenic and anti-inflammatory effects over time.
Clinical significance: The clinical significance of the results needs further investigation in an attempt to provide recommendations on the selection of bioceramic pulp capping material under different scenarios of pulpal pathosis.
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