The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Magnetized Water and Its Comparison with Chlorhexidine 0.2% in Young Children for 3 Weeks

Sumaiya Nezam, Puja Singh, Rashmi Ojha, Shabab Ahmed Khan, Neha Kumari, Neelu Kumari

Keywords : Children, Chlorhexidine, Magnetized water

Citation Information : Nezam S, Singh P, Ojha R, Khan SA, Kumari N, Kumari N. Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of Magnetized Water and Its Comparison with Chlorhexidine 0.2% in Young Children for 3 Weeks. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (1):83-88.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3237

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-05-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Aim: The goal of this study was to compare the effects of magnetized water and 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwash on gingivitis and plaque prevention in children aged 12–15 years for a period of 21 days. Materials and methods: A total of 24 youngsters between the ages of 12 and 15 years were chosen. A computer-generated random number sequence was used to split the research participants into two groups. Magnetized water was utilized as a mouthrinse in Category 1, while 0.2% chlorhexidine was employed in Category 2. Water purified with reverse osmosis was stored in glass bottles, which were then put near the magnets to create magnetic water. The magnets had 1000 Gauss power. The bottles were put for a period of 24 hours. The youngsters were given 140 mL of mouthrinse. These mouthrinses were to be used at home, they were told. The Gilmore Turesky adaptation of Quigley Hein's plaque index was used to assess the plaque whereas the gingival index recommended by Loe and Sillness was utilized to assess the gingiva. The plaque index and gingival index were analyzed at baseline, 14 days, and 21 days, as well as history and examination for adverse effects such as bitter taste, brownish discoloration, and so on, were recorded. The trial lasted 21 days with a follow-up period of another 21 days. Results: Both magnetic water and chlorhexidine were similarly successful in managing periodontal and gingival infections; however, magnetized water had less side effects, such as a bitter metallic taste and brown stains. Conclusion: Because of its well-accepted flavor, softer nature, and lower frequency of brown stains, magnetized water can be a safer and more acceptable alternative to chlorhexidine mouthwashes, especially in youngsters. Clinical significance: The use of chlorhexidine as a mouthrinse in the oral cavity has been linked to side effects. These side effects are mostly localized, such as brownish discoloration of teeth, alterations in taste perception, and erosion of the oral mucosa. As chlorhexidine has such negative side effects, it was necessary to do research, particularly in children, to identify a replacement that is similarly efficient against germs but does not have these side effects. Water treated with a magnetic field (magnetized water) was compared with chlorhexidine in the current study.

  1. Romoozi E, Bekhradi R, Talebi MR, et al. Effect of Green Tea Mouthwash on Reducing Plaque and Gingivitis. J Dent Health Oral Disord Ther 2018;9(2):207–210. DOI: 10.15406/jdhodt.2018.09.00360.
  2. Vivek K, Mahender P. Comparison of The effectiveness of Probiotic and Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinses on Plaque Accumulation and Gingival Inflammation. Int J Drug Res Dental Sci 2019;1:1–5.
  3. Kohno M, Yamazaki M, Kimura I, et al. Effect of Static Magnetic Fields on Bacteria: Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. Pathophysiology 2000;7(2):143–148. DOI: 10.1016/s0928-4680(00)00042-0.
  4. Nadkerny PV, Ravishankar PL, Pramod V, et al. A Comparative Evaluation of the Efficacy of Probiotic and Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinses on Clinical Inflammatory Parameters of Gingivitis: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2015;19(6):633–639. DOI: 10.4103/0972-124X.168491.
  5. Sen D. Bio Friendly Magnetic Water is Ecofriendly. World J Pharm Sci 2015;3:1949–1956. DOI: 10.1093/jas/skab063.
  6. Sharma R, Hebbal M, Ankola AV, et al. Effect of Two Herbal Mouthwashes on Gingival Health of School Children. J Tradit Complement Med 2014;4:272–278. DOI: 10.4103/2225-4110.131373.
  7. Harini PM, Anegundi RT. Efficacy of a Probiotic and Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinses: A Short-Term Clinical Study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2010;28:179–182. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.73799.
  8. Putt MS, Kleber CJ, Smith CE. Evaluation of an Alum-Containing Mouth Rinse in Children for Plaque and Gingivitis Inhibition During 4 Weeks of Supervised Use. Pediatr Dent 1996;18:139–144. PMID: 8710717.
  9. Bhattacharjee R, Nekkanti S, Kumar NG, et al. Efficacy of Triphala Mouth Rinse (Aqueous Extracts) on Dental Plaque and Gingivitis in Children. J Investig Clin Dent 2015;6:206–210. DOI: 10.1111/jicd.12094.
  10. Asokan S, Rathan J, Mutthu MS, et al. Effect of Oil Pulling on Streptococcus mutans Count in Plaque and Saliva Using Dentocult SM Strip Mutans Test: A Randomized Controlled Triple Blind Study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2008;26(1):12–17. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.40315.
  11. Nagpal DI, Mankar SS, Lamba G, et al. Effectiveness of Magnetized Water and 0.2% Chlorhexidine as a Mouth Rinse in Children Aged 12–15 Years for Plaque and Gingivitis Inhibition During 3 Weeks of Supervised Use: A Randomized Control Study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2020;38:419–424. DOI: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_439_20.
  12. Lone N, Sidiq M, Khan M, et al. Short Term Effects of Magnetised Water and Chlorhexidine on Plaque Accumulation and Gingival Inflammation–a Randomised Clinical Study. Ann Int Med Dent Res 2016;2:91–94. DOI: 10.14744/JPD.2021.05_46.
  13. Shyam A, Fareed N. Efficacy of Mouth Rinses on Dental Plaque and Gingivitis: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2014;12:1–6.
  14. Gupta N, Bhat M. Comparative Evaluation of 0.2 Percent Chlorhexidine and Magnetized Water as a Mouth Rinse on Streptococcus mutans in Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2011;4:190–194. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1108.
  15. Lang NP, Hotz P, Graf H, et al. Effects of Supervised Chlorhexidine Mouthrinses In Children. A Longitudinal Clinical Trial. J Periodontal Res 1982;17:101–111. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.1982.tb01135.x.
  16. Santos A. Evidence-based Control of Plaque and Gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol 2003;30:13–16. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-051x.30.s5.5.x.
  17. K Goyal A, S Rathore A, Garg M, et al. Effect of Magnetized Water Mouthrinse on Streptococcus mutans in Plaque and Saliva in Children: an in vivo study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(4):335–339. DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1461.
  18. Menendez A, Li F, Michalek SM, et al. Comparative Analysis of the Antibacterial Effects of Combined Mouthrinses on Streptococcus mutans. Oral Microbiol Immunol 2005;20:31–34. DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-302X.2004.00189.x.
  19. Addy M, Moran JM. Clinical Indications for the Use of Chemical Adjuncts to Plaque Control: Chlorhexidine Formulations. Periodontology 2000 1997;15:52–54. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0757.1997.tb00104.x.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.