Citation Information :
Thillaigovindan R, Eswaran M, Kesavan R, Ashi H, Raj AT. Awareness and Attitude toward the Replacement of Missing Teeth among Patients at a Dental Institute: A Cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (1):95-99.
Aim: To evaluate the awareness among the patients visiting a dental college in replacing the missing teeth.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to know the patient's awareness and preference for the treatment options. A list of the closed-ended questionnaire was used to record the patient's response about being edentulous. The collected data were statistically analyzed. SPSS, Version 2.1, statistical software was used. The descriptive statistics were done using frequency and percentage. Bar graphs and pie graphs were used wherever applicable.
Results: Maximum patients reported to dental treatment with less than 1 year period of edentulousness. This directly indicates an increased awareness among the patients (77.5%). The need to replace the missing teeth was a function such as mastication of food for 42.6% of the patients and 36.6% of the patients wanted to replace their missing teeth for improving their appearance. The most preferred method of the replacement is fixed partial denture (FPD) as it was cost-effective and affordable for them. Only 22% of the patients wanted an implant as a treatment option as it did not involve the adjacent teeth.
Conclusion: The awareness and knowledge about the treatment options among the patients visiting the dental college have increased, but still, the awareness about the consequences of being edentulous for a long time should be improved through social media by the dentists.
Clinical significance: The replacement of missing teeth is important in rehabilitating the form, function, esthetics, and integrity of the stomatognathic system. There are various treatment options available for replacing missing teeth. Very few patients are aware of all the options and the consequences of not replacing the posterior teeth.
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