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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Comparison of the Microhardness of Surface Enamel Exposed to Anti-asthmatic Inhalants

Janet Gutierrez, Román Mendoza, Franco Mauricio, Arnaldo Munive-Degregori, Daniel Alvítez-Temoche, Frank Mayta-Tovalino

Keywords : Enamel surface, Inhalers, Microhardness

Citation Information : Gutierrez J, Mendoza R, Mauricio F, Munive-Degregori A, Alvítez-Temoche D, Mayta-Tovalino F. Comparison of the Microhardness of Surface Enamel Exposed to Anti-asthmatic Inhalants. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (2):149-153.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3295

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 10-06-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of anti-asthmatic inhalers salbutamol and budesonide on the surface microhardness of bovine tooth enamel. Materials and methods: The study was experimental, prospective, longitudinal, and comparative. The sample consisted of permanent mandibular incisors, which were prepared in (n = 90) blocks of dental enamel of size 3 × 3 mm and 2 mm thick, separated into 6 groups of 15 specimens each in sterile bottles properly labeled and contained in artificial saliva at 37°C. Three measurements (baseline, 5 days, and 10 days) were performed after immersion to determine the microhardness using a Vickers microdurometer programmed to apply a load of 100 gm for 15 seconds. Results: It was observed that the enamel surface microhardness decreased after 5 and 10 days, after being in contact with the anti-asthmatic inhalers based on salbutamol and budesonide. In addition, it was evidenced that there is a greater decrease in the superficial microhardness of the enamel when comparing the values at the beginning and after 10 days; likewise, the reduction in the microhardness of enamel exposed to budesonide was greater (120.8 kg/mm2) compared to salbutamol (112.3 kg/mm2) (p <0.001). Conclusion: The two anti-asthmatic inhalers studied decreased superficial enamel microhardness, with the budesonide-based inhaler having a greater erosive effect. Clinical significance: This research allowed us to know the values of the microhardness of the superficial enamel after being exposed to different anti-asthmatic inhalers that are indicated in daily clinical practice. Therefore, it is important to evaluate this microhardness since the use of different inhalers is very prevalent.


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