Citation Information :
Nautiyal M, Jyothi K, Muttagi S, Pallavi N, D\'Almeida AU, Shah CP, Kaur H, Singh N. Effect of Hypochlorites on the Compressive Strength and Surface Hardness of Type V Dental Stone: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (2):215-220.
Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the compressive strength and surface hardness of a type V dental stone after hypochlorite disinfection.
Materials and methods: Two types of specimens were made according to the American Dental Association (ADA) specification no. 25 for each wet compressive strength, dry compressive strength, and surface hardness. The specimens were split into three groups with 30 samples each according to the type of disinfection. All specimens were immersed in their respective disinfecting solutions for 30 minutes at room temperature and after removal, they were left to dry for 24 hours at room temperature. Total five cycles of immersion and drying were followed. A compressive strength test was done using a universal testing machine. Wet compressive strength was tested one hour after the last cycle and dry compressive strength was tested 7 days after the last cycle. Surface hardness was measured after 48 hours using Vickers hardness test. The results were statistically analyzed.
Results: There was a statistical difference between the calcium hypochlorite and sodium hypochlorite groups for both dry and wet compressive strength. The mean wet compressive strength of calcium hypochlorite was higher when compared to the sodium hypochlorite group and it was statistically significant (p = 0.042). The results were similar and statistically significant (p = 0.003) for dry compressive strength. When the mean surface hardness of the sodium hypochlorite (As) group was compared to calcium hypochlorite the results were highly significant (p = 0.0001) with the mean surface hardness of the calcium hypochlorite group more than the sodium hypochlorite group.
Conclusion: Calcium hypochlorite used as a disinfectant showed better compressive strength and surface hardness when compared to sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant.
Clinical significance: Dental casts poured in the contaminated impressions which might not be disinfected at all or properly. They also come in contact with the prosthesis that might be tried inside the patient's mouth and sent to a lab for corrections without disinfecting the cast causing cross-contamination between patients, dentists, and laboratory personnel. However, immersion disinfection with sodium or calcium hypochlorite might affect important properties of the cast. Any negative effect on the mechanical or physical properties of the cast will affect the final outcome of the prosthesis.
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