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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Association between Obesity and Chronic Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study

Ajay Reddy Palle, CM Sanjeeva Kumar Reddy, B Shiva Shankar, Vemsi Gelli, Jaradoddi Sudhakar, K Krishna Mohana Reddy

Citation Information : Palle AR, Reddy CS, Shankar BS, Gelli V, Sudhakar J, Reddy KK. Association between Obesity and Chronic Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (2):168-173.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1294

Published Online: 01-04-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

Chronic periodontitis is multifactorial and numerous risk factors have been identified to contribute in the disease progression. Current study aimed to conduct a cross-sectional study in a population of patients with cardiovascular diseases in order to correlate the association between obesity [body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)] and periodontal disease parameters.

Materials and methods

The study was of a cross-sectional design and a total of 201 patients were examined after obtaining their informed consent. Subjects who had a history of cardiovascular diseases and under treatment were included in the study. Two indicators of obesity were used: BMI and WC. The following periodontal parameters were assessed: Probing depth, clinical attachment level. The oral hygiene status of the subjects was assessed by the oral hygiene index (OHI, simplified) given by John C Greene and Jack R Vermillion. The influence of the BMI and other confounding variables on periodontitis severity was assessed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Data were analyzed using SPSS.

Results

Significant association was seen with low density lipoproteins (LDL) and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.005), triglyceride levels (TGL) and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.005), cholesterol and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.005), BMI and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.001), OHI and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.001). Significant association was seen with smoking and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.005), BMI and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.001), WC and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.001), cholesterol and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.001), OHI and severity of periodontitis (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Obesity has been implicated as a risk factor for several conditions including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, etc. In our study the relation between measures of overall and abdominal obesity (BMI and WC) and periodontal disease showed significant association in the multivariate logistic regression analysis independent of other confounding factors.

Clinical significance

Obesity can act as a significant risk factor in progression of periodontitis.

How to cite this article

Palle AR, Reddy CMSK, Shankar BS, Gelli V, Sudhakar J, Reddy KKM. Association between Obesity and Chronic Periodontitis: A Cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(2):168-173.


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