The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Survey of Endodontic Practices among Dentists in Nigeria

Hamid Jafarzadeh, Christopher I Udoye, Paul V Abbott

Citation Information : Jafarzadeh H, Udoye CI, Abbott PV. A Survey of Endodontic Practices among Dentists in Nigeria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (2):293-298.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1316

Published Online: 01-04-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

To investigate the pattern of routine endodontic practices among Nigerian dentists.

Materials and methods

This study was a questionnaire-based survey of samples of dentists in the Nigerian cities of Enugu and Benin. The self-administered questionnaire contained 25 close-ended questions with multiple choice options. The data collected included demographic details of respondents, root canal preparation techniques, irrigants and intracanal medicaments used, the number of appointments, method of working length determination, root filling techniques, cements used, and the scope of treatment performed.

Results

Most respondents used sodium hypochlorite as the irrigant, the step back technique for canal preparation, and lateral condensation with a zinc oxide-eugenol-based sealer for obturation. Most respondents did root canal treatment on all types of teeth and used radiographs to determine the working length 70% of the time. Most respondents followed up their patients for less than 12 months and most treated teeth with periapical areas larger than 10 mm by root canal therapy combined with apical surgery.

Conclusion

Most Nigerian dentists use step back technique for canal preparation and lateral condensation for obturation.

Clinical significance

Endodontic practice by Nigerian dentists differs from some established practice quality guidelines in many other countries, particularly in nonperfusion of modern techniques into practice, popularity of antibiotic use for endodontic emergencies and a high rate of perforations.

How to cite this article

Udoye CI, Sede MA, Jafarzadeh H, Abbott PV. A Survey of Endodontic Practices among Dentists in Nigeria. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(2):293-298.


PDF Share
  1. Questionnaires survey of endodontic practice profile among dentists in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Dent J 2006;3:80-87.
  2. Rubber dam use among a subpopulation of Nigerian dentists. J Oral Sci 2010;52:245-49.
  3. Consensus report of the European Society of Endodontology on quality guidelines for endodontic treatment. Int Endod J 1994;27:115-24.
  4. A study of endodontic treatment carried out in dental practice within the UK. Int Endod J 2001;34:16-22.
  5. A survey of endodontic practice amongst Flemish dentists. Int Endod J 2002;35:759-67.
  6. Root canal treatment performed by Flemish dentists. Part 1. Cleaning and shaping. Int Endod J 2003;36:166-73.
  7. Endodontic treatment performed by Flemish dentists. Part 2. Canal filling and decision making for referrals and treatment of apical periodontitis. Int Endod J 2003;36:344-51.
  8. Current trends in endodontic treatment: Report of a national survey. J Am Dent Assoc 1996;127:1333-41.
  9. Treatment of the endodontic emergency: A decade later. J Endod 1990;16:284-91.
  10. Oral health in Nigeria. Int Dent J 2004;54: 361-66.
  11. National survey of periodontal status and treatment need among Nigerians. Int Dent J 1995;45:197-203.
  12. The prevalence and distribution of dental caries and gingivitis in the primary dentitions of 6-year-old Lagos children. J Int Assoc Dent Child 1979;10:3-9.
  13. Endodontic Therapy (5th ed). St Louis: Mosby 1996:395-422.
  14. Danish practitioners’ assessment of factors influencing the outcome of endodontic treatment. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2007;103:570-75.
  15. Long-term results of endodontic treatment performed with a standardized technique. J Endod 1979;5:83-90.
  16. Continuous cementum apposition. J Dent Res 1958;37:1035-44.
  17. Study of the number of roots and canals in Senegalese first permanent mandibular molars. Int Endod J 1998;31:117-22.
  18. Three rooted lower molars in man and their racial distribution. Brit Dent J 1938;64:264-74.
  19. Rubber dam in clinical practice. Endod Pract Today 2008;2:131-41.
  20. Rubber dam usage for endodontic treatment: A review. Int Endod J 2009;42:963-72.
  21. Preparation for treatment. In: Cohen S, Hargreaves KM, Keiser K (Eds). Pathways of the pulp (9th ed). St Louis: Mosby, 2006.
  22. The adoption of new technology amongst Danish general dental practitioners. Int Endod J 2005;38:52-58.
  23. Bacteriologic evaluation of the effect of 0.5 percent sodium hypochlorite in endodontic therapy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1983;55:307-12.
  24. The sequelae of accidentally injecting sodium hypochlorite beyond the root apex. Report of a case. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1974;38:633-38.
  25. A survey of endodontics in general practice in England. Br Dent J 1983;83:222-24.
  26. Preclinical endodontology: An international comparison. Int Endod J 1999;32:406-14.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.