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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2013 ) > List of Articles


Comparative Evaluation of Self-etching Primers and Phosphoric Acid Effectiveness on Composite to Enamel Bond: An in vitro Study

G Vinay Kumar, Basanagouda S Patil, BK Raghavendra Rao, SM Sharathchandra, Reshma Hegde

Citation Information : Kumar GV, Patil BS, Rao BR, Sharathchandra S, Hegde R. Comparative Evaluation of Self-etching Primers and Phosphoric Acid Effectiveness on Composite to Enamel Bond: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013; 14 (5):790-795.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1404

Published Online: 01-10-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.



The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of the one total-etch self-priming adhesive, one two-step self-etching primer adhesive, and one ‘all-in-one’ selfetching adhesive system on the adhesion of a resin composite to enamel.

Materials and methods

Thirty-six freshly extracted human mandibular molars were selected for this study. A flat area about 5 mm in diameter was created on the exposed mesial surface of enamel of each tooth by moist grinding with 320, 420 and 600 grit silicon carbide paper. Twelve teeth were randomly assigned into three groups. In group 1, Adper Easy One (3M ESPE), a one step self-etching primer adhesive was applied and light curing unit for 10 seconds. In group 2, Adper SE Plus, a twostep self-etching primer with bottle A containing the aqueous primer and bottle B containing the acidic adhesive was applied and light cured for 10 seconds. Group 3 (control)—etchant 37% phosphoric acid is applied to the surface for 15 seconds and rinsed with water and air dried and adhesive (single bond 2) is applied to the surface and tube is placed and light cured for 20 seconds. Composite material (Z350) was placed in the tube and light cured for 40 seconds in all the groups.

Bond strength testing was done using universal testing machine at the enamel-composite interface. The debonded enamel surface was evaluated in stereomicroscope to assess the cohesive, adhesive or mixed fracture. Data was statistically analyzed by one way analysis of variance (ANOVA).


Group 1 performed least among all groups with a mean score of 19.46 MPa. Group 2 had a mean score of 25.67 MPa. Group 3 had a mean score of 27.16 MPa.


Under the conditions of this in vitro study, the bond strength values of the two-step self-etching primer systems tested were similar to the total-etch. And, one step self-etching primers have lower bond strength compared to the total-etch.

How to cite this article

Patil BS, Rao BKR, Sharathchandra SM, Hegde R, Kumar GV. Comparative Evaluation of Selfetching Primers and Phosphoric Acid Effectiveness on Composite to Enamel Bond: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(5):790-795.

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