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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Influence of Thermocycling and Surface Treatments on the Flexural Strength of Denture Base Resin: An In Vitro Study

Harsimran Kaur, Aditi Nanda, Kusum Datta

Keywords : Acrylic resin, Denture repair, Flexural strength, Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Citation Information : Kaur H, Nanda A, Datta K. Influence of Thermocycling and Surface Treatments on the Flexural Strength of Denture Base Resin: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (8):788-792.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3387

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-11-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength of heat polymerized denture base resin after thermocycling and different surface treatments done prior to repair or relining. Materials and methods: In this in vitro study, 80 specimens were made with heat-polymerized denture base resin and thermocycled (500 cycles between 5 and 55 °C). The specimens were divided in four groups based on different types of surface treatment: group I (control group: without surface treatment), group II (chloroform for 30 seconds), group III [methyl methacrylate (MMA) for 180 seconds], and group IV (dichloromethane for 15 seconds). The flexural strength was assessed using a Universal testing machine with three-point bending test. The obtained data were subjected to statistical analysis using one-way ANOVA and post-hoc tests. Results: The values of average flexural strength of denture base resin measured were as follows: group I: 111.1 MPa, group II: 86.9 MPa, group III: 73.1 MPa, and group IV: 78.8 MPa. Groups II and IV possessed superior flexural strength than group III. The maximum values were observed with the control group. Conclusion: The flexural strength of heat-polymerized denture base resin gets affected by different surface treatments done prior to relining procedures. Lowest flexural strength was obtained when treated with MMA monomer for 180 seconds as compared to the other etchants used. Clinical significance: Prior to denture repair procedures, operators must choose the chemical surface treatment judiciously. It should not affect the mechanical properties such as flexural strength of denture base resins. Reduction in flexural strength of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base can predispose the prosthesis to deteriorated performance when in function.


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