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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2014 ) > List of Articles


The Effect of Mechanical Loading on the Cusp Deflection of Premolars Restored with Direct and Indirect Techniques

Lourenço Correr Sobrinho, Sandra Costa Zamboni, Lafayette Nogueira, Marco Antonio Bottino, Luiz Felipe Valandro

Citation Information : Sobrinho LC, Zamboni SC, Nogueira L, Bottino MA, Valandro LF. The Effect of Mechanical Loading on the Cusp Deflection of Premolars Restored with Direct and Indirect Techniques. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (1):75-81.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1491

Published Online: 01-08-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).



This study assessed the effect of fatigue load cycling on human premolars restored with MOD restorations (direct and indirect approaches) on cuspal deflection, compared to intact teeth (unprepared) and unrestored teeth with an inlay preparation.

Materials and methods

MOD inlay preparations were performed on sixty premolars with their roots embedded in acrylic resin. These teeth were divided into six groups (n = 10): (1) intact teeth; (2) unrestored and prepared teeth; (3) teeth restored with direct composite resin; (4) teeth restored with an indirect composite resin; (5) teeth restored with injected ceramic inlays (IPS Empress 2 (Ivoclar); (6) teeth restored with CAD/CAM inlays made of feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II). All of the indirect restorations were adhesively cemented. Strain-gauges were bonded to the buccal and lingual surfaces of the specimens. Compressive axial loading of 100N was applied on the occlusal face of the specimens to measure the cuspal deflection (microstrain) under compressive loading. These measurements were obtained before and after mechanical cycling (1 Hz, 37°C, 100,000x).


Comparing the results obtained before and after fatiguing, the cuspal deflection increased only in the CAD/CAM approach. The prepared tooth group had the highest cuspal deflection, before and after mechanical cycling.


the evaluated restoring approaches decrease the cuspal deflection, consequently appear to improve the cuspal reinforcement.

How to cite this article

Zamboni SC, Nogueira L, Bottino MA, Sobrinho LC, Valandro LF. Effect of Mechanical Loading on the Cusp Deflection of Premolars Restored with Direct and Indirect Techniques. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(1):75-81.

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