Citation Information :
İnci MA, Korkut E. Is Bioactive Glass an Effective Agent in Pulp-capping Treatments?: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial with One-year Follow-up. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (11):1128-1135.
Aims: Indirect pulp-capping treatment is a procedure applied to teeth with deep and close-to-pulp caries lesions and without pulp degeneration symptoms. This study aimed to explore the use of a material containing bioactive glass for indirect pulp capping in primary and permanent teeth.
Materials and methods: The study included 145 patients, aged 4–15 years, without any systemic disease and 100 primary second molars and 100 permanent first molars in total. Four material groups were determined: calcium hydroxide (Dycal-DC group), glass ionomer (Biner LC–BC group), calcium silicate (TheraCal LC–TC group), and Bioactive glass-containing ACTIVA BioACTIVE-AC group. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were made 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the treatment. The data obtained were statistically analyzed using the Chi-square test.
Results: During the 12-month follow-up period, the DC and TC groups were more successful clinically (94%), while the DC and AC groups were found to be more successful radiographically (94%). However, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups (p > 0.05).
Conclusions: The results of this study supported the view that the success of indirect pulp-capping treatments was independent of the material used.
Clinical significance: This study demonstrated that a material containing bioactive glass, ACTIVA BioACTIVE-Base/Liner, can be used safely in indirect pulp-capping processes.
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