Citation Information :
ALOsaimi MM, Almeslet AS, ALWisali QM. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Infection Control among Dental Healthcare Personnel: The Updated Guidelines for COVID-19 in Dental Settings. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (11):1150-1156.
Aim: The study sought to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of infection control among dental healthcare personnel (DHCP) in dental settings, with updated guidelines and recommendations regarding the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
Materials and methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study. A self-administrative online survey consisting of 45 close-ended statements was prepared, validated, and revised by an expert panel, and pilot tested with a convenience sample. The survey comprised four parts covering the following aspects: demographic data, infection control facilities in the dental office, knowledge of infection control measures, and attitude toward infection control. Data were collected, analyzed, and presented as frequencies and percentages or means and standard deviations, when applicable. The independent t-test or analysis of variance (ANOVA), as appropriate, were used for differences in knowledge and attitude scores between the groups, with the significance level of p-value < 0.05.
Results: Out of 176 participants, 54 (30.7%) were men, and 122 (69.3%) were women. A total of 143 participants were dental practitioners (81.3%), and more than half [94 (53.4%)] were from governmental universities, followed by those from government dental clinics [44 (25%)]. In general, most participants acknowledged the infection control facilities in their dental offices. Dental assistants, respondents working in private universities, and respondents working in the eastern region showed better knowledge than their counterparts (p < 0.05). However, no significant differences were noticed between the different groups concerning attitude toward infection control (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: The participants exhibited acceptable knowledge and attitude, with respondents from private universities and dental assistance attaining better knowledge scores. More infection control programs and training courses should be implemented in dental settings.
Volgenant CMC, de Soet JJ. Cross-transmission in the dental office: Does this make you ill? Curr Oral Health Rep 2018;5(4):221–228. DOI: 10.1007/s40496-018-0201-3.
Ward K. Airborne contamination in dentistry: The final challenge. Dental Nurs 2006;2(10):500–503. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12968/denn.2006.2.10.29919.
World Health Organization. Improving infection prevention and control at the health facility: interim practical manual supporting implementation of the WHO guidelines on core components of infection prevention and control programmes. World Health Organization, 2018. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/279788 [Access date: 15 Nov. 2022]
Laheij AM, Kistler JO, Belibasakis GN, et al. Healthcare-associated viral and bacterial infections in dentistry. J Oral Microbiol 2012;4:17659. DOI: 10.3402/jom.v4i0.17659.
Bizzoca ME, Campisi G, Muzio LL. Covid-19 pandemic: What changes for dentists and oral medicine experts? A narrative review and novel approaches to infection containment. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17(11):3793. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17113793.
World Health Organization. Modes of transmission of virus causing COVID-19: implications for IPC precaution recommendations: Scientific brief, 29 March 2020. World Health Organization, 2020. https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/modes-of-transmission-of-virus-causing-covid-19-implications-for-ipc-precaution-recommendations [Access date: 20 Nov. 2022]
Mathur R. Ethics preparedness for infectious disease outbreaks research in India: A case for novel coronavirus disease 2019. Indian J Med Res 2020;151(2 & 3):124–131. DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_463_20.
Mourya DT, Yadav PD, Ullas PT, et al. Emerging/re-emerging viral diseases & new viruses on the Indian horizon. Indian J Med Res 2019;149(4):447–467. DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1239_18.
Quadri MFA, Jafer MA, Alqahtani AS, et al. Novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) awareness among the dental interns, dental auxiliaries and dental specialists in Saudi Arabia: A nationwide study. J Infect Public Health 2020;13(6):856–864. DOI: 10.1016/j.jiph.2020.05.010.
Torriani F, Taplitz R. History of infection prevention and control: Infectious Diseases. 2010:76–85. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-323-04579-7.00006-X.
Goriuc A, Sandu D, Tatarciuc M, et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dentistry and dental education: A narrative review. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022;19(5):2537. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19052537.
García-Silva I, Govea-Alonso DO, Rosales-Mendoza S. Current status of mucosal vaccines against SARS-CoV2: a hope for protective immunity. Expert Opin Biol Ther 2023;1–16. DOI: 10.1080/14712598.2022.2156284.
Kaushik N, Mitra S, Baek EJ, et al. The inactivation and destruction of viruses by reactive oxygen species generated through physical and cold atmospheric plasma techniques: Current status and perspectives. J Adv Res 2023;43:59–71. DOI: 10.1016/j.jare.2022.03.002.
Hurtado MM, Macías M, Morales-Asencio JM. A new form of checking obsessive-compulsive disorder in physicians: Another consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. A case series. Psychiatry Res Case Rep 2023;2(1):100085. DOI: 10.1016/j.psycr.2022.100085.
Zhang N, Tseng HY, Thai J, et al. Health communication needs for COVID-19 prevention and control among college students. J Am Coll Health 2023:1–6. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2022.2155060.
Alharbi G, Shono N, Alballaa L, et al. Knowledge, attitude and compliance of infection control guidelines among dental faculty members and students in KSU. BMC Oral Health 2019;19(1):7. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-018-0706-0.
Assiri KI, Kaleem SM, Ibrahim M, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of infection control among dental students in King Khalid University, Abha. J Int Oral Health 2018;10(2):83–87. DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_6_18.
Gaffar BO, El Tantawi M, Al-Ansari AA, et al. Knowledge and practices of dentists regarding MERS-CoV. A cross-sectional survey in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2019;40(7):714–720. DOI: 10.15537/smj.2019.7.24304.
Yüzbasioglu E, Saraç D, Canbaz S, et al. A survey of cross-infection control procedures: knowledge and attitudes of Turkish dentists. J Appl Oral Sci 2009;17(6):565–569. DOI: 10.1590/s1678-77572009000600005.
Meng Y, Wu P, Lu W, et al. Sex-specific clinical characteristics and prognosis of coronavirus disease-19 infection in Wuhan, China: A retrospective study of 168 severe patients. PLoS Pathog 2020;16(4):e1008520. DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008520.
American Dental Association. Coronavirus frequently asked questions. 2020. https://www.ada.org/publications/ada-news/2020/march/ada-adds-frequently-asked-questions-from-dentists-to-coronavirus-resources [Access date 15 Dec 2022]