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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Remineralization Potential of a Combination of Chitosan with Nanohydroxyapatite and a Self-assembling Peptide with Nanohydroxyapatite: An In Vitro Study

Krishnakumar Gollahalli Rangappa, Ridyumna Garain, Zeeshan Heera Ahmad, Komal Jain, Ramakrishna Arroju, Vedavathi Boregowda

Keywords : Chitosan, Nanohydroxyapatite, Remineralization, Self-assembly peptide, White spot lesion

Citation Information : Rangappa KG, Garain R, Ahmad ZH, Jain K, Arroju R, Boregowda V. Remineralization Potential of a Combination of Chitosan with Nanohydroxyapatite and a Self-assembling Peptide with Nanohydroxyapatite: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (12):1255-1259.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3434

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-04-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Aim: This study explores the demineralizing potential of the combination of chitosan with nanohydroxyapatite (n-HA) and self-assembling peptides with n-HA. Materials and methods: A total of 66 first premolar teeth of similar dimensions extracted for orthodontic purposes were collected for this study. These were then demineralized and randomly divided into the following three groups (n = 22): (i) Control group, (ii) n-HA + Chitosan (HAC), and (iii) self-assembling peptide + n-HA (SP-HA). The samples in each group were brushed every 24 hours with the respective agent. The specimens were stored in Fusayama Meyer's artificial saliva at room temperature and the solution was replenished daily. Mineral content (Ca, P) and surface morphology of the specimens was analyzed, using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDAX), before demineralization, at 15 days of remineralization and 30 days of remineralization. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test followed by Tukey's honest significant difference (HSD) post hoc analysis was used to compare the mean elemental composition of the different groups (p < 0.05). Results: There was no significant difference in the calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) weight percentage between the different groups at the baseline and after demineralization. The Ca and P weight percentages of all three groups after remineralization for 15 and 30 days showed no significant difference from the baseline or after demineralization. The surface morphology after 15 days of remineralization therapy showed decreased surface porosity and increased mineral deposition in the HAC group than the HP-SA group. Surface morphology after 30 days of remineralization showed a more homogenous and smoother surface in the HAC group than the HP-SA group. Conclusion: From the results of this study, it can be concluded that the combination of chitosan with n-HA and self-assembling peptides with n-HA can be considered effective demineralizing agents. Clinical significance: Considering the non-invasive nature of remineralization therapy understanding the effectiveness of different agents is of utmost importance. The demineralizing properties of chitosan, n-HA and self-assembling peptides make their combinations ideal for studying their effectiveness in treating white spot lesions.

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