Influence of Different Staining Beverages on Color Stability, Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Silorane and Methacrylate-based Composite Resins
Oguz Suleyman Özdemir, Emel Karaman, Duygu Tuncer, Esra Firat, Sevilay Karahan
Citation Information :
Özdemir OS, Karaman E, Tuncer D, Firat E, Karahan S. Influence of Different Staining Beverages on Color Stability, Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Silorane and Methacrylate-based Composite Resins. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (3):319-325.
Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).
To investigate the influence of different staining beverages on color stability, surface roughness and microhardness of silorane and methacrylate-based composite resins.
Materials and methods
Three different composite resins (Filtek Silorane, Filtek P60, Filtek Supreme XT) were tested. Thirty cylindrical specimens (10 × 2 mm) per material were prepared and polished with a series of aluminum-oxide polishing disks. Each group was then randomly subdivided into three groups according to the test beverages: distilled water (control), cola and coffee. The samples were immersed into different beverages for 15 days. Color, surface roughness and microhardness values were measured by a spectrophotometer, prophylometer and Vickers hardness device respectively, at baseline and after 15 days. The data were subjected to statistical analysis.
Immersion in coffee resulted in a significant discoloration for all the composites tested, although the color change was lower in Filtek Silorane than that of MBCs (p < 0.05). All the composites tested showed similar surface roughness changes after immersion in different beverages (p > 0.05). Besides coffee caused more roughness change than others. Immersion in coffee caused highest microhardness change in Filtek Supreme XT (p < 0.05).
Cola and coffee altered, to some degree, the color, surface roughness and/or microhardness of the tested resin composites, depending on the characteristics of the materials.
How to cite this article
Karaman E, Tuncer D, Firat E, Ozdemir OS, Karahan S. Influence of Different Staining Beverages on Color Stability, Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Silorane and Methacrylate-based Composite Resins. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(3):319-325.
Surface discoloration of restorative resins in relation to surface softening and oral hygiene. Scandinavian J Dent Res 1986 Apr;94(2):174-177.
Influence of food-simulating solutions and surface finish on susceptibility to staining of aesthetic restorative materials. J Dentist 2005 May;33(5):389-398.
Influence of different drinks on the colour stability of dental resin composites. European J Dentist 2009 Jan;3(1):50-56.
The effect of curing units and staining solutions on the color stability of resin composites. Operat Dentist 2007 Nov-Dec;32(6):616-622.
Effect of staining solutions on discoloration of resin nanocomposites. Am J Dentist 2010;23(1):39-42.
Effects of different solutions on the surface hardness of composite resin materials. Dent Materials J 2009 May;28(3):344-351.
Influence of different beverages on the microhardness and surface roughness of resin composites. Operat Dentist 2005 Mar-Apr;30(2):213-219.
A simple acid erosion test for dental water-based cements. Dent Materials 2001 Jan;17(1):53-59.
Philips’ science of dental materials, 11th ed. WB Saunders, Philadelphia; 2003. p. 1-832.
Analysis of surface roughness of glass-ionomer cements and compomer. J Oral Rehabilitation 2003 July;30(7):714-719.
Effect of finishing and polishing procedures on surface roughness, gloss and color of resin-based composites. Am J Dentist 2004 Aug;17(4):262-266.
The effect of water storage and light exposure on the color and translucency of a hybrid and a microfilled composite. J Prosthet Dent 2002 Mar;87(3):264-270.
Exploring beyond methacrylates. Am J Dent 2000;13(Spec No):82D-84D.
Properties of silorane-based dental resins and composites containing a stress-reducing monomer. Dent Materials 2007 Aug;23(8):1011-1017.
Effect of three indigenous food stains on resin-based, microhybrid and nanocomposites. J Esthet Restorat Dent 2011 Aug;23(4):250-257.
Effect of finishing/polishing systems on the surface roughness of novel posterior composites. J Esthetic Restorative Dentist 2010 Apr;22(2):127-138.
Effect of staining solutions and repolishing on color stability of direct composites. J Appl Oral Sci 2010 May-Jun;18(3):249-254.
Surface roughness of one nanofill and one silorane composite after polishing. Collegium Antropologicum 2011 Sep;35(3):879-883.
Silorane-based composite: depth of cure, surface hardness, degree of conversion, and cervical microleakage in Class II cavities. J Esthetic Restorative Dentist 2011 Oct;23(5):324-335.
Color stability of highly filled composite resin materials for facings. Dent Materials 2001 Jan;17(1):87-94.
Effects of staining and bleaching on color change of dental composite resins. J Prosthet Dentist 2006 Feb;95(2):137-142.
Color stability of sealed composite resin restorative materials after ultraviolet artificial aging and immersion in staining solutions. J Prosthet Dentist 2011 Apr;105(4):236-241.
Interaction between staining and degradation of a composite resin in contact with colored foods. Brazilian Oral Res 2011 Jul-Aug;25(4):369-375.
Staining of resin-based veneering materials with coffee and tea. Quintessence Int 1991 May;22(5):377-386.
Staining calcified dental tissues with food. J Prosthet Dentist 1981 Aug;46(2):175-178.
Effect of polishing systems on the surface roughness of microhybrid composites. J Esthetic and Restor Dent 2003;15(5):297-303; discussion 304.
The effect of Coca-Cola and fruit juices on the surface hardness of glass-ionomers and ‘compomers’. J Oral Rehabil 2004 Nov;31(11):1046-1052.
Color stability of resin composites after immersion in different drinks. Dent Materials J 2006 Jun;25(2):371-376.
Color stability of silorane-based composites submitted to accelerated artificial ageing—an in situ study. J Dent 2011;39(Suppl 1):e18-24.
The influence of short and medium-term water immersion on the hydrolytic stability of novel low-shrink dental composites. Dent Materials 2005 Sep;21(9):852-863.
Siloranes in dental composites. Dent Mater 2005 Jan;21(1):68-74.
Effects of various finishing systems on the surface roughness and staining susceptibility of packable composite resins. Dent Mater 2003 Jan;19(1):12-18.
Intrinsic and extrinsic discoloration of dimethacrylate and silorane based composites. J Dent 2012 July;40(Suppl 1):e57-63.
The polishability of posterior composites. J Prosthet Dentist 1989 Feb;61(2):138-146.
Surface characteristics of toothcolored restoratives polished utilizing different polishing systems. Operat Dentist 1997 Nov-Dec;22(6):260-265.
Effect of polishing techniques and time on surface roughness, hardness and microleakage of resin composite restorations. Operat Dentist 2006 Jan-Feb;31(1):11-17.
The effect of one-step polishing system on the surface roughness of three esthetic resin composite materials. Oper Dent 2004 Mar-Apr;29(2):203-211.
Comparison of different finishing/polishing systems on surface roughness and gloss of resin composites. J Dent 2011;39(Suppl 1):e9-17.
Effect of carbonated beverages, coffee, sports and high energy drinks, and bottled water on the in vitro erosion characteristics of dental enamel. J Clin Ped Dentist 2007;Spring 31(3):153-159.
Analysis of roughness and surface hardness of a dental composite using atomic force microscopy and microhardness testing. Microscopy and Microanalysis 2011 Jun;17(3):446-451.
Effect of the polishing procedures on color stability and surface roughness of composite resins. ISRN Dent 2011;617672. Epub 2011 Jul 11.
Degradation of glass filler in experimental composites. J Dent Res 1981 Nov;(11):1867-1875.
After-polymerization of visible light activated resins: surface hardness vs light source. Scandinavian J Dent Res 1983 Oct;91(5):406-410.
Surface hardness properties of resinmodified glass ionomer cements and polyacid-modified composite resins. J Contemp Dent Pract 2004 Nov 15;5(4):42-49.
The effect of current bleaching agents on the color of light-polymerized composites in vitro. J Prosthet Dent 2003 May;89(5):474-478.
Effect of prolonged erosive pH cycling on different restorative materials. J Oral Rehabil 2008 Dec;35(12):947-953.
Color stability of a nanofill composite: effect of different immersion media. J Appl Oral Sci 2009 Sep-Oct;17(5):388-391.
Effects of various beverages on hardness, roughness, and solubility of esthetic restorative materials. J Esthetic Restorat Dentist 2011 Oct;23(5):315-322.
Influence of filler type and water exposure on flexural strength of experimental composite resins. J Dent Res 1988 May;67(5):836-840.