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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Do Maternal Beliefs, Knowledge and Practices for Own and Young Child Oral Care Reflect on Actual Child Oral Health?

Filomeni Anagnostou, Efthymia Chalvatzoglou, Aristidis Arhakis, Vasiliki Boka, Konstantinos Arapostathis, Nikolaos Kotsanos

Keywords : Child oral health, Dental caries, Family income, Gingivitis, Maternal education

Citation Information : Anagnostou F, Chalvatzoglou E, Arhakis A, Boka V, Arapostathis K, Kotsanos N. Do Maternal Beliefs, Knowledge and Practices for Own and Young Child Oral Care Reflect on Actual Child Oral Health?. J Contemp Dent Pract 2023; 24 (3):147-152.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3476

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 25-05-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether mother's oral health habits and knowledge for child oral care actually reflect on her young child's oral health and hence sought for direct evidence for this association. Materials and methods: One hundred mothers accompanied their children, aged 2–5 years to a University Pediatric Dentistry Clinic and completed a three-arm questionnaire. Child dental caries (decayed, missing, filled surfaces–dmfs) and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were recorded. Correlations were sought by the analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: A negative correlation was observed between maternal education and family income with child dmfs (p < 0.01). Additionally, other maternal factors such as age and correct knowledge of the appropriate age for a child's first dental visit, the initiation of toothbrushing, and fluoride exposure were positively associated with lower dmfs and GBI. Additionally, some maternal practices also contributed to these results. Conclusion: Maternal practices and knowledge are predictors of child oral health. Clinical significance: Mothers-to-be, especially those with low socioeconomic characteristics, should be involved in dental education and motivation interventions in order to practice proper oral hygiene for their children.

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