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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2015 ) > List of Articles


Hardness and Surface Roughness of Enamel and Base Layers of Resin Denture Teeth after Long-term repeated Chemical Disinfection

Karin Hermana Neppelenbroek, Luciana Ayumi Kurokawa, Andréa Lemos Falcão Procópio, Thiago Amadei Pegoraro, Juliana Hotta, Jozely Francisca Mello Lima, Vanessa Migliorini Urban

Citation Information : Neppelenbroek KH, Kurokawa LA, Procópio AL, Pegoraro TA, Hotta J, Lima JF, Urban VM. Hardness and Surface Roughness of Enamel and Base Layers of Resin Denture Teeth after Long-term repeated Chemical Disinfection. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015; 16 (1):54-60.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1635

Published Online: 01-06-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).



To evaluate the effect of successive cycles of disinfection in different denture cleansers on the surface roughness and the Vickers hardness of two layers of acrylic resin (base-BL and enamel-EL) of two commercial cross-linked artificial teeth.

Materials and methods

The occlusal surfaces of 60 acrylic resin denture posterior teeth (Trilux-TLX and SR Orthosit PE-SRO) embedded in autopolymerizing acrylic resin were ground flat with 1200-grit silicon carbide paper. Specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C and then submitted to the microhardness (VHN) and roughness (ìm) tests. Specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 90 days and submitted to 720 disinfection cycles in sodium hypochlorite at 0.5%, 30% vinegar solution or distilled water (control). Afterward, microhardness and roughness tests were again performed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05).


Hypochlorite immersion decreased the hardness of BL and EL of SRO teeth, with an average reduction of 10.11% (p < 0.008). TLX teeth demonstrated a hardness reduction of 28.96% of both layers for all solutions including water (p < 0.0000). The roughness of both teeth was not affected by denture cleansers (p > 0.37).


Hypochlorite promoted deleterious effects on the hardness of both layers of the artificial teeth tested. Immersion in vinegar and water also resulted in reduction of hardness of TLX teeth.

Clinical significance

The surface hardness of the different layers of cross-linked artificial teeth can be altered by daily disinfection in denture cleansers commonly indicated for removable dentures.

How to cite this article

Neppelenbroek KH, Kurokawa LA, Procópio ALF, Pegoraro TA, Hotta J, Lima JFM, Urban VM. Hardness and Surface Roughness of Enamel and Base Layers of Resin Denture Teeth after Long-term repeated Chemical Disinfection. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(1):54-60.

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