Aim: To assess the efficacy of antiseptic-coated silk sutures with triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 suture in reducing bacterial colonization after oral surgical procedures.
Materials and methods: The patients who required multiple sutures after surgical procedures in the mandible were the study subjects. The sites of suturing were divided into three groups. Group A – surgical site receiving black-braided silk suture (control group). Group B – surgical site receiving triclosan-coated Polyglactin 910 suture (experimental group). Group C – surgical site receiving antiseptic-coated silk suture (experimental group). Evaluation was done on the 3rd postoperative and 7th postoperative day. Microbial adherence was evaluated by microbiological study.
Results: The mean comparison of microbial count between 3rd and 7th post-op day in the three groups shows an increased microbial colonization in the control group when compared with the experimental groups. The combined mean microbial adherence in the three groups showed microbial count in the uncoated silk suture (group A) as 10.35 ± 3.74, triclosan-coated suture (group B ) as 6.28 ± 2.17 and iodoform + calendula oil-coated suture (group C) as 7.1 ± 2.02 which is statistically significant (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The present research concluded that the pomade-coated silk suture is as efficient as triclosan-coated VICRYL PLUS Polyglactin 910 sutures in reducing the bacterial colonization in intraoral wound healing.
Clinical significance: The pomade (iodoform + calendula oil) may be advocated in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery for impregnating the suture materials which act as an antiseptic agent and a promoter of wound healing which is easily accessible and also cost-effective.
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