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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2015 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of Bone Thickness and Density in the Lower Incisors’ Region in Adults with Different Types of Skeletal Malocclusion using Cone-beam Computed Tomography

Mohammad Y Hajeer, Maram MN Al-Masri, Mowaffak A Ajaj, Muataz S Al-Eed

Citation Information : Hajeer MY, Al-Masri MM, Ajaj MA, Al-Eed MS. Evaluation of Bone Thickness and Density in the Lower Incisors’ Region in Adults with Different Types of Skeletal Malocclusion using Cone-beam Computed Tomography. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015; 16 (8):630-637.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1733

Published Online: 01-01-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).



To evaluate the bone thickness and density in the lower incisors’ region in orthodontically untreated adults, and to examine any possible relationship between thickness and density in different skeletal patterns using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Materials and methods

The CBCT records of 48 patients were obtained from the archive of orthodontic department comprising three groups of malocclusion (class I, II and III) with 16 patients in each group. Using OnDemand 3D® software, sagittal sections were made for each lower incisor. Thicknesses and densities were measured at three levels of the root (cervical, middle and apical regions) from the labial and lingual sides. Accuracy and reliability tests were undertaken to assess the intraobserver reliability and to detect systematic error. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to detect significant differences among the three groups of skeletal malocclusion.


Apical buccal thickness (ABT) in the four incisors was higher in class II and I patients than in class III patients (p < 0.05). There were significant differences between buccal and lingual surfaces at the apical and middle regions only in class II and III patients. Statistical differences were found between class I and II patients for the cervical buccal density (CBD) and between class II and III patients for apical buccal density (ABD). Relationship between bone thickness and density values ranged from strong at the cervical regions to weak at the apical regions.


Sagittal skeletal patterns affect apical bone thickness and density at buccal surfaces of the four lower incisors’ roots. Alveolar bone thickness and density increased from the cervical to the apical regions.

How to cite this article

Al-Masri MMN, Ajaj MA, Hajeer MY, Al-Eed MS. Evaluation of Bone Thickness and Density in the Lower Incisors’ Region in Adults with Different Types of Skeletal Malocclusion using Cone-beam Computed Tomography. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(8):630-637.

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