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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Dental Arch Relationships of Saudi Children with Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate

Sahal Alforaidi, Maen Zreaqat, Rozita Hassan

Keywords : Dental arch relationships, GOSLON Yardstick, Unilateral cleft lip and palate

Citation Information : Alforaidi S, Zreaqat M, Hassan R. Dental Arch Relationships of Saudi Children with Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. J Contemp Dent Pract 2023; 24 (12):987-990.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3606

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: To determine dental arch relationships of Saudi children born with nonsyndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Material and methods: This is a retrospective cohort study that comprised dental study models of 74 UCLP Saudi children aged 8–10 years who were recruited from 14 referral cleft centers. All participants had their cleft lip and palate repaired with no history of alveolar bone graft or any orthodontic treatment. Dental arch relationships of UCLP patients were assessed using the Great Ormond Street, London, and Oslo (GOSLON) Yardstick—a clinical tool that categorizes dental relationships of UCLP children into five discrete grades from I to V. The reliability of the rating was assessed with weighted kappa (κ) statistics. Results: Three children (4.1%) had excellent surgical outcomes (grade I), 18 children (24.3%) filled into grade II (good outcome), 22 subjects (29.7%) had grade III (fair outcome), 27 children (36.5%) had grade IV (poor outcome), and 4 subjects (5.4%) were ranked as having very poor outcomes (grade V). The mean GOSLON score was 3.39. Intrarater and interrater agreements were high indicating good reproducibility. Conclusion: Based on the dental arch relationships, the treatment outcome of UCLP Saudi children was unsatisfactory, with a mean GOSLON score of 3.39. Delayed palate repair and the use of presurgical orthopedics may be considered in the future for cleft deformity management. Clinical significance: To address the effect of particular cleft surgical protocol on dental arch relationships of UCLP patients.

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