The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 25 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Potential Factors of Dental Health Behavior as a Predictor of Dental Caries Status in Visually Impaired Children: A Pilot Study

Risqa Rina Darwita, Yufitri Mayasari, Patricia Virani Sekar Danaswari

Keywords : Dental caries, Predictive factor, Visually impaired children

Citation Information : Darwita RR, Mayasari Y, Danaswari PV. Potential Factors of Dental Health Behavior as a Predictor of Dental Caries Status in Visually Impaired Children: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024; 25 (2):174-179.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3639

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Aim: This study aimed to explain the potential factors of dental and oral hygiene behavior as a predictor of dental caries status in children with visual impairments. Materials and methods: The prevalence of dental caries in visually impaired children was investigated through a cross-senal study conducted at a visually impaired special needs elementary school in Jakarta, Indonesia. The study included 25 visually impaired children aged 6–12 years, with dental caries status examined using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT)/dmft index according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Data were collected through comprehensive interviews involving the completion of 13 WHO Annex questions. Results: The result showed that the overall prevalence of dental caries in visually impaired children was 64%, with an average dmft/DMFT of 2.24/0.96. Some of the factors that significantly influence the dental caries status in children with visual impairments aged 6–12 years include visiting the dentist [p = 0.029, 0.05, Pearson's Chi-square, confidence interval (CI) 95%] and the need for care (p = 0.002, 0.05, Pearson's Chi-square, CI 95%). Conclusion: In conclusion, the majority of visually impaired children have dental caries, which is influenced by factors, such as visiting the dentist and the need for treatment. Clinical significance: Visiting the dentist regularly and knowing the need for the treatment are the important factors in preventing of dental caries.

PDF Share
  1. World Health Organization. Blindness and vision impairment. 2022. Available at:
  2. Istadi AP, Probosari N, Sulistiyani S. The effect of oral health education in the form of Braille book towards the oral hygeine. Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi 2020;32(2):139–144. DOI: 10.24198/jkg.v32i2.27117.
  3. Sabilillah MF, Taftazani RZ, Sopianah Y, et al. Pengaruh Dental Braille Education (DBE) terhadap oral hygiene pada anak tunanetra. Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi 2016;3(2):7–13. DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v3i2.1778.
  4. Maciel MdAS, Cordeiro PM, D’Ávila S, et al. Assessing the oral condition of visually impaired individuals attending the Paraíba Institute of the Blind. Rev Odonto Ciên 2009;24(4):354–360.
  5. AlSadhan SA, Al-Jobair AM, Bafaqeeh M, et al. Dental and medical health status and oral health knowledge among visually impaired and sighted female schoolchildren in Riyadh: A comparative study. BMC Oral Health 2017;17(1):154. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-017-0446-6.
  6. John JR, Daniel B, Paneerselvam D, et al. Prevalence of dental caaries, oral hygiene knowledge, status, and practices among visually impaired individuals in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Int J Dent 2017;2017:9419648. DOI: 10.1155/2017/9419648.
  7. Prashanth ST, Bhatnagar S, Das U, et al. Oral health knowledge, practice, oral hygiene status, and dental caries prevalence among visually impaired children in Bangalore. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2011;29(2):102–105. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.84680.
  8. Liu L, Zhang Y, Wu W, et al. Oral health status among visually impaired schoolchildren in Northeast China. BMC Oral Health 2019;19(1):63. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-019-0752-2.
  9. Marimbun BE, Mintjelungan CN, Pangemanan DHC. Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan tentang kesehatan gigi dan mulut dengan status karies gigi pada penyandang tunanetra. e-GiGi 2016;4(2)56. DOI: 10.35790/eg.4.2.2016.13924.
  10. Oktadewi FD, Soeprihati IT, Hanindriyo L. The correlatdental caries and oral health related quality of life among visually ion between dental caries and oral health related quaity of life among visually impaired children. ODONTO Dent J 2020;7(2):82–89. DOI: 10.30659/odj.7.2.82-89.
  11. Parkar S, Patel N, Patel N, et al. Dental health status of visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind in Ahmedabad city, India. Indian J Oral Sci 2014;5(2):73. DOI: 10.4103/0976-6944.136843.
  12. Hiremath SS. Textbook of Public Health Dentistry, 3rd edition. India: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2016, p. 520.
  13. Marya C. Textbook of Public Health Dentistry, 1st edition. India. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2011, p. 576.
  14. Weik U, Shankar–Subramanian S, Sämann T, et al. “You should brush your teeth better”: A randomized controlled trial comparing best-possible versus as-usual toothbrushing. BMC Oral Health 2023;23(1):456. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-023-03127-3.
  15. Wright JT, Hanson N, Ristic H, et al. Fluoride toothpaste efficacy and safety in children younger than 6 years. J Am Dent Assoc 2014;145(2):182–189. DOI: 10.14219/jada.2013.37
  16. Tagelsir A, Khogli AE, Nurelhuda, et al. Oral health of visually impaired schoolchildren in Khartoum State, Sudan. BMC Oral Health 2013;13(1):33. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-13-33.
  17. Ligali TO, Orenuga OO, Oredugba FA. Caries impact on quality of life among visually impaired adolescents: A cross-sectional study. Special Care Dent 202;40(2):184–191. DOI: 10.1111/scd.12447.
  18. Chukwumah NM, Folayan MO, Oziegbe EO, et al. Impact of dental caries and its treatment on the quality of life of 12- to 15-year-old adolescents in Benin, Nigeria. Int J Paediatr Dent 2016;26(1):66–76. DOI: 10.1111/ipd.12162.
  19. da Fonseca EP, Frias AC, Mialhe FL, et al. Factors associated with last dental visit or not to visit the dentist by Brazilian adolescents: A population-based study. PLoS One 2017;12(8):e0183310. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183310.
  20. Zhou N, Wong HM, McGrath C. Dental visit experience and dental care barriers among Hong Kong preschool children with special education needs. Int J Paediatr Dent 2021;31(6):699–707. DOI: 10.1111/ipd.12770.
  21. Qu X, Qi X, Wu B. Disparities in dental service utilization among adults in Chinese megacities: Do health insurance and city of residence matter? Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17(18):6851. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17186851.
  22. Factors associated with dental attendance among Indonesian adults: A cross-sectional study. J Int Dent Med Res 2021;14(4):1547–1551.
  23. Farlina A, Maharani DA. Barriers of utilisation of dental services among children and adolescent: A systematic review. Padjadjaran J Dent 2018;30(3):150. DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol30no3.15001.
  24. Clarke L, Stevens C. Preventing dental caries in children: why improving children's oral health is everybody's business. Paediatr Child Health 2019;29(12):536–542. DOI: 10.1016/j.paed.2019.09.004.
  25. Nurmaliyah Y, Aripin S, Nurdiansyah NM. 2013 Curriculum: Implementation of Islamic religious education learning in schools for children with special needs. Int J Islamic Thought Humanities 2023;2(1):124–138. DOI: 10.54298/ijith.v2i1.83.
  26. Gerung AY, Wowor VNS, Mintjelungan CN. Perilaku pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi mulut siswa SD dengan dan tanpa usaha kesehatan Gigi gekolah (UKGS). e-GiGi 2021;9(2):124. DOI: 10.35790/eg.9.2.2021.32958.
  27. Rohmah D, Indarjo S. Evaluasi penerapan manajeman UKGS dalam perilaku perawatan Gigi dan mulut siswa sekolah dasar. J Health Educ 2016;1(2).
  28. Wirata IN. Perbedaan derajat kesehatan gigi dan mulut pada siswa SD dengan program UKGS aktif dan tidak aktif di wilayah kerja puskesmas Denpasar Utara II tahun 2015. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kesehatan 2016;3(2).
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.