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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Nano-hydroxyapatite could Compensate the Adverse Effect of Soft Carbonated Drinks on Enamel

Mohammad B Rezvani, Mohammad R Rouhollahi, Fahimeh Andalib, Faeze Hamze

Citation Information : Rezvani MB, Rouhollahi MR, Andalib F, Hamze F. Nano-hydroxyapatite could Compensate the Adverse Effect of Soft Carbonated Drinks on Enamel. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016; 17 (8):635-638.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1903

Published Online: 01-12-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).



Since one of the most important disadvantages of soft drinks includes their adverse effect on mineral content of enamel because of their low pH, this study examined the microhardness of enamel before and after exposure to a soft drink containing different concentrations of nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) as an additive.

Materials and methods

Sixty caries free human premolars were mounted in epoxy resin. After polishing, the baseline microhardness was recorded three times for each specimen using a Vickers indenter at 50 gm load. Subsequently, the samples were divided into six groups, which were treated for 5 minutes at 9°C by a cola-based drink contacting 0, 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 wt.% of nano-HA while the control group was immersed in artificial saliva. Ultimately, the final microhardness was assessed three times again for each specimen.


Paired t-test showed that in groups containing 0 and 0.5 wt.% of nano-HA, the microhardness was significantly reduced after treatment protocol (p = 0.00 and 0.01 respectively). Whereas in the other groups the microhardness was not significantly changed after treatment (p > 0.05).


Pure cola-based drink has a pronounced adverse effect on enamel microhardness, while admixing it with nano-HA could act as a protective factor.

Clinical significance

Although soft beverages are hazardous to tooth structure, some additives could compensate their adverse effect.

How to cite this article

Rezvani MB, Rouhollahi MR, Andalib F, Hamze F. Nano-hydroxyapatite could Compensate the Adverse Effect of Soft Carbonated Drinks on Enamel. J Contemp Dent Pract 2016;17(8):635-638.

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