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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Staining Beverages and Cigarette Smoke on Composite Resin and Human Tooth Fluorescence by Direct Spectrometry

Sergio Eduardo de Paiva Gonçalves, Tânia Mara da Silva, Natália Yamachita da Silva, Lucélia Lemes Gonçalves, Leandro Procópio Alves, Adjaci Uchoa Fernandes

Citation Information : de Paiva Gonçalves SE, da Silva TM, da Silva NY, Gonçalves LL, Alves LP, Fernandes AU. Staining Beverages and Cigarette Smoke on Composite Resin and Human Tooth Fluorescence by Direct Spectrometry. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017; 18 (5):352-357.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2045

Published Online: 01-08-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



This study evaluated the fluorescence intensity (FI) of different brands of composite resins (CRs) and compare those values with the FI of human tooth, under the action of cigarette smoke (CI), coffee (CA), and soft drink (CO), measured by direct spectrometry.

Materials and methods

A total of 30 specimens of each brand (Filtek Z350, Esthet-X, Amelogen, Durafill) were made. Others 30 tooth specimens (3 mm/diameter) were obtained from human molars using a trephine bur. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10), according to substances: CI, CA, CO. The FI was directly measured using an optic fiber associated with a spectrometer and was measured at baseline and after staining. Data were submitted to Kruskal–Wallis, Dunnett, and Dunn tests.


Staining influenced FI mean values among CRs and between those with human tooth. Z showed the closest FI mean values of tooth after staining.


Staining beverages and cigarette smoke negatively influenced on FI of CR and human tooth.

Clinical significance

The study shows darkening treatments influenced on the fluorescent property of the dental tissues and restorative materials according to the direct spectrometry analysis.

How to cite this article

da Silva TM, da Silva NY, Gonçalves LL, Alves LP, Fernandes AU, Gonçalves SEP. Staining Beverages and Cigarette Smoke on Composite Resin and Human Tooth Fluorescence by Direct Spectrometry. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(5):352-357.

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