To review the literature on the sealing ability of esthetic post systems with different cementation techniques.
An important factor for successful root canal treatment is the development of a coronal seal to the treated root canal system.
The current literature describes promising results using fiber posts with a dual-cure, self-etch resin cement system. However, none of the published results describe a post system or cementation technique that achieved a homogeneous and tight coronal seal.
Fiber post systems appear to be favorable alternatives to metallic or ceramic post systems. Furthermore, dual-cure, self-etch resin cement systems represent superior alternatives to other cement systems.
The clinician should be aware of the differences between various post systems and different cement systems to select and apply the most appropriate post and cement in each clinical situation.
How to cite this article
Almohareb T. Sealing Ability of Esthetic Post and Core Systems. J Contemp Dent Pract 2017;18(7):627-632.
Adhesive post-endodontic restorations with fiber posts: push-out tests and SEM observations. Dent Mater 2002 Dec;18(8):596-602.
Bonding of restorative and veneering composite resin to some polymeric composites. Dent Mater 2001 Jan;17(1):80-86.
A review of fiber-reinforced denture base resins. J Prosthodont 1996 Dec;5(4):270-276.
Benefits of a two-step cementation procedure for prefabricated fiber posts. J Adhes Dent 2010 Feb;12(1):55-62.
Flexural properties of fiber reinforced root canal posts. Dent Mater 2004;20(1):29-36.
Current perspectives on post systems: a literature review. Aust Dent J 2011 Jun;56 (Suppl 1):77-83.
Evaluation of the flexural strength of carbon fiber-, quartz fiber-, and glass fiber-based posts. J Endod 2005 Mar;31(3):209-211.
Resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth restored with different post systems. J Prosthet Dent 2002 Apr;87(4):431-437.
Effect of low-temperature-plasma surface treatment on the adhesion of ultra-high-molecular-weight-polyethylene fibres. J Mater Sci 1993;28(18):4883-4891.
Combined technique with polyethylene fibers and composite resins in restoration of traumatized anterior teeth. Dent Traumatol 2004 Jun;20(3):172-177.
Effect of fiber architecture on flexural characteristics and fracture of fiber-reinforced dental composites. Dent Mater 2007 Aug;23(8):960-968.
Retrospective assessment of 546 all-ceramic anterior and posterior crowns in a general practice. J Prosthet Dent 2001;85(6):544-550.
A preliminary consideration of the glass-ceramic dowel post and core. Int J Prosthodont 1989 Jan-Feb;2(1):51-55.
Mechanical properties and short-term in-vivo evaluation of yttrium-oxide-partially-stabilized zirconia. J Biomed Mater Res 1989 Jan;23(1):45-61.
New knowledge about zirconium-ceramic as a structural material in fixed prosthodontics. Acta Stomatol Croat 2015 Jun;49(2):137-144.
Light transmission of posts and cores used for the anterior esthetic region. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2004 Oct;24(5):462-469.
Zirconia ceramic post systems: a literature review and a case report. Dent Mater J 2010 May;29(3):233-245.
Fibre-based post systems: a review. Br Dent J 2003 Jul;195(1):43-48.
The influence of pressure changes on the retentive force and coronal microleakage of different types of posts in endodontically treated teeth during simulated dives. Diving Hyperb Med 2016 Dec;46(4):247-252.
Retention of dowels using a composite resin as a cementing medium. J Prosthet Dent 1982 Sep;48(3):292-296.
Should resin cements be used for every cementation? J Am Dent Assoc 2007 Jun;138(6):817-819.
; de Rijl, W. Shear bond strength of empress to dentin using four resin cements. AADR Oral Presentation 886, 2006 Annual Meeting, Orlando.
; Simon, JF. Shear bond strengths of resin cements to dentin and ceramic. Poster, CEREC 20-year celebration in Vegas. Las Vegas, NV, October 14, 2006.
An evaluation of the shear bond strength of four universal cements to five prosthodontics substrates [Internet]. Kerr University; [cited 2012 Sep 27]. Available from: http://www.kerrdental.com/index/kerrdental-cements-maxcemelite-3rdparty-2.