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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( May, 2006 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Orthodontic Treatment Need in an Accredited Graduate Orthodontic Center in North America: A Pilot Study

Chukwudi Ochi Onyeaso, Ellen A. BeGole

Citation Information : Onyeaso CO, BeGole EA. Orthodontic Treatment Need in an Accredited Graduate Orthodontic Center in North America: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006; 7 (2):87-94.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-87

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2006

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2006; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim

To assess the objective orthodontic treatment needs of patients treated in an accredited Orthodontic Clinic in North America using a retrospective cross sectional study and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI).

Methods and Materials

One hundred pre- and post-treatment study models were randomly selected from the model storage facility of the clinic. Only the pre-treatment study models were assessed using the DAI. The pre - treatment and post- treatment ages for each case were noted as recorded on the corresponding study models. The range for the pre-treatment age was 10 to 52 years, and from 12 years, 4 months to 54 years for the post-treatment age range. The duration of treatment for each case was calculated by subtracting the pre-treatment age from the post-treatment age (range of treatment duration, 9 to 125 months). Descriptive statistics as well as chi-square statistics were employed to analyze the data.

Results

Fifteen cases had normal or minor malocclusions with no treatment or slight need for treatment. Definite malocclusions with treatment highly desirable accounted for 22 cases and severe malocclusion with treatment highly desirable was found in 16 cases. Forty-seven cases had handicapping malocclusion with treatment considered mandatory. While a statistically significant association (p<0.05) was found between duration of treatment and severity levels of malocclusion (DAI scores), the association between pre-treatment age and DAI scores was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

Eighty-five percent of the study sample needed orthodontic treatment with different malocclusion severity levels, while 47% of the cases qualified for publicly subsidized treatment due to handicapping malocclusions. The association between duration of treatment and DAI score groups (malocclusion severity levels) was found statistically significant.

It could be helpful for more clinic-based (demand populations) studies on treatment needs be undertaken across the globe using the DAI, at least for the purposes of comparison.

Citation

Onyeaso CO, BeGole EA. Orthodontic Treatment Need in an Accredited Graduate Orthodontic Center in North America: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:087-094.


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