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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 6 ( September, 2007 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Light Curing Modes and Light Curing Time on the Microhardness of a Hybrid Composite Resin

José Roberto Lovadino, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar, Aline Braceiro, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima

Citation Information : Lovadino JR, Ambrosano GM, Aguiar FH, Braceiro A, Lima DA. Effect of Light Curing Modes and Light Curing Time on the Microhardness of a Hybrid Composite Resin. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 8 (6):1-8.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-8-6-1

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-11-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; The Author(s).



The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of light curing modes and curing time on the microhardness of a hybrid composite resin.

Methods and Materials

Forty-five Z250 composite resin specimens (3M-ESPE Dental Products, St. Paul, MN, USA) were randomly divided into nine groups (n=5): three polymerization modes (conventional - 550 mW/ cm2; light-emitting diodes (LED) - 360mW/cm2, and high intensity - 1160 mW/cm2) and three light curing times (once, twice, and three times the manufacturer's recommendations). All samples were polymerized with the light tip 8 mm from the specimen. Knoop microhardness measurements were obtained on the top and bottom surfaces of the sample.


Conventional and LED polymerization modes resulted in higher hardness means and were statistically different from the high intensity mode in almost all experimental conditions. Tripling manufacturers’ recommended light curing times resulted in higher hardness means; this was statistically different from the other times for all polymerization modes in the bottom surface of specimens. This was also true of the top surface of specimens cured using the high intensity mode but not of conventional and LED modes using any of the chosen curing times. Top surfaces showed higher hardness than bottom surfaces.


It is important to increase the light curing time and use appropriate light curing devices to polymerize resin composite in deep cavities to maximize the hardness of hybrid composite resins.


Aguiar FHB, Braceiro A, Lima DANL, Ambrosano GMB, Lovadino JR. Effect of Light Curing Modes and Light Curing Time on the Microhardness of a Hybrid Composite Resin. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 September; (8)6:001-008.

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